Growth and neurodevelopmental disorder with arthrogryposis, microcephaly and structural brain anomalies caused by Bi-allelic partial deletion of SMPD4 gene

Sunita Bijarnia-Mahay, Puneeth H. Somashekar, Parneet Kaur, Samarth Kulshrestha, Vedam L. Ramprasad, Sakthivel Murugan, Seema Sud, Anju Shukla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Neutral sphingomyelinases have an important role in generation of ceramide and phosphorylcholine from sphingomyelins which then act as secondary messengers in various signaling pathways of the cellular machinery. They function ubiquitously with a predominant role in the central nervous system. Neutral sphingomyelinase type 3, encoded by SMPD4 gene has recently been reported to cause a severe autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental disorder with congenital arthrogryposis and microcephaly. We report a 22-month-old girl having characteristic features of neurodevelopmental delay, prenatal onset growth failure, arthrogryposis, microcephaly and brain anomalies including severe hypomyelination, simplified gyral pattern and hypoplasia of corpus callosum and brain stem. In addition, she was noted to have nystagmus and visual impairment secondary to macular dystrophy and retinal pigment epithelial stippling at posterior pole. Copy number variant analysis from trio whole exome sequencing (ES) enabled identification of a homozygous 11 kb deletion encompassing exons 18–20 of SMPD 4 gene, confirming the diagnosis of SMPD4-related disorder in her.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Human Genetics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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