In the present study, we assessed whether absence of paternal genome imparts any differential response in embryos to chemical stress such as ammonia. Parthenogenesis was induced in MII stage oocytes using 10 mM SrCl2 in M16 medium. Parthenotes and normally fertilized embryos at 2 cell stage were exposed to different concentrations of ammonia and cultured till blastocyst. Exposure of ammonia to normally fertilized embryos resulted in significant decrease in the developmental potential (p < 0.0001) and blastocyst quality (p < 0.001). Whereas, in parthenotes, even though lower concentrations of ammonia did not have any effect, at 200 μM concentration the blastocyst rate was two times higher than control. The baseline apoptotic index was higher in parthenotes compared to normally fertilized embryos, which further increased after ammonium exposure (p < 0.001). Unlike in normally fertilized embryos ammonia exposure altered the mitochondrial distribution pattern and lead to increased expression of Oct4, Nanog and Na+/K+ ion exchange channel, while the cytochrome C expression was downregulated. This indicates that haploidy and/or absence of paternal factors in the embryo results in differential tolerance to stress induced by ammonia.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 22-04-2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology