Healthy eating – a modifiable contributor to optimize healthy living in the COVID-19 pandemic: a review

Poulomi Chatterjee, Abhay Nirgude, Pratik Kumar Chatterjee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The outbreak of the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection in 2019 has posed major risks to global health and the economy. This coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has changed many of our everyday habits, including how we function and socialize, how we eat, and food preferences and selection. The average intake and status of certain vitamins and minerals can result in reduced immunity, which makes people more susceptible to illnesses and exacerbates malnutrition. The most critical factors in this scenario are individual risk evaluation and management techniques. Until general therapies are administered, the nutritional status of each infected patient should be assessed. The differing clinical severity of COVID-19 – from asymptomatic, to mild, to severe, to death – depends on the different metabolic status of the hosts who have contracted the virus, which is determined by their diet, age, gender, health, lifestyle, and environmental factors. A broad systematic exploration on studies of this disease was steered by means of electronic databases and was limited to articles published in English (or with an English abstract) in publications using words like ‘health’, ‘diet’, ‘food’, ‘nutritional status’, ‘COVID-19’, ‘pandemic’, ‘modifiable contributor’, ‘immune system’, ‘micronutrients’, ‘vitamin’, and so on. Careful individual consideration of the potential dietary, nutritional, medical, lifestyle, and environmental hazards, along with any supplementation with micronutrients wherever required to help to boost the body's natural defence system, with the intention to improve all levels of immunity and the use of effective risk management techniques are appropriate ways to handle the COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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