Heel-ball index: An analysis of footprint dimensions for determination of sex

Tanuj Kanchan, Kewal Krishan, Disha Prusty, Meghna Machado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Determination of sex from the footprints recovered at crime scenes can help the investigation by narrowing down the pool of possible suspects. The present research studies the dimensions of the heel and the ball in footprints, and derives the Heel-Ball (HB) index from these foot dimensions with the aim to find out if the foot dimensions and the HB index exhibit sexual dimorphisms. The study was carried out on 100 individuals (50. males, 50. females) of Indian origin. Footprints were obtained from both feet of the study participants using standard techniques. Thus, a total of 200 footprints were obtained. The breadth of the footprint at ball (BBAL) and the breadth of the footprint at heel (BHEL) were measured on the footprints. The HB index was derived as (BHEL. ÷ BBAL). ×. 100. The footprint measurements at the ball and heel were significantly larger in males on both the sides. Likewise, the derived HB index was larger in males in both feet, but the sex differences were not statistically significant. The study concludes that though footprint dimensions can be used in the determination of sex, the HB index may not be utilized in sex determination from footprints.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-33
Number of pages5
JournalEgyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Heel
Foot
Sex Characteristics
offense
Crime
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Law

Cite this

Kanchan, Tanuj ; Krishan, Kewal ; Prusty, Disha ; Machado, Meghna. / Heel-ball index : An analysis of footprint dimensions for determination of sex. In: Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2014 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 29-33.
@article{090e7d4402bd40ac9105f341eaa8f745,
title = "Heel-ball index: An analysis of footprint dimensions for determination of sex",
abstract = "Determination of sex from the footprints recovered at crime scenes can help the investigation by narrowing down the pool of possible suspects. The present research studies the dimensions of the heel and the ball in footprints, and derives the Heel-Ball (HB) index from these foot dimensions with the aim to find out if the foot dimensions and the HB index exhibit sexual dimorphisms. The study was carried out on 100 individuals (50. males, 50. females) of Indian origin. Footprints were obtained from both feet of the study participants using standard techniques. Thus, a total of 200 footprints were obtained. The breadth of the footprint at ball (BBAL) and the breadth of the footprint at heel (BHEL) were measured on the footprints. The HB index was derived as (BHEL. ÷ BBAL). ×. 100. The footprint measurements at the ball and heel were significantly larger in males on both the sides. Likewise, the derived HB index was larger in males in both feet, but the sex differences were not statistically significant. The study concludes that though footprint dimensions can be used in the determination of sex, the HB index may not be utilized in sex determination from footprints.",
author = "Tanuj Kanchan and Kewal Krishan and Disha Prusty and Meghna Machado",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ejfs.2014.02.002",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "29--33",
journal = "Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences",
issn = "2090-536X",
publisher = "Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority",
number = "2",

}

Heel-ball index : An analysis of footprint dimensions for determination of sex. / Kanchan, Tanuj; Krishan, Kewal; Prusty, Disha; Machado, Meghna.

In: Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 2, 01.01.2014, p. 29-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heel-ball index

T2 - An analysis of footprint dimensions for determination of sex

AU - Kanchan, Tanuj

AU - Krishan, Kewal

AU - Prusty, Disha

AU - Machado, Meghna

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Determination of sex from the footprints recovered at crime scenes can help the investigation by narrowing down the pool of possible suspects. The present research studies the dimensions of the heel and the ball in footprints, and derives the Heel-Ball (HB) index from these foot dimensions with the aim to find out if the foot dimensions and the HB index exhibit sexual dimorphisms. The study was carried out on 100 individuals (50. males, 50. females) of Indian origin. Footprints were obtained from both feet of the study participants using standard techniques. Thus, a total of 200 footprints were obtained. The breadth of the footprint at ball (BBAL) and the breadth of the footprint at heel (BHEL) were measured on the footprints. The HB index was derived as (BHEL. ÷ BBAL). ×. 100. The footprint measurements at the ball and heel were significantly larger in males on both the sides. Likewise, the derived HB index was larger in males in both feet, but the sex differences were not statistically significant. The study concludes that though footprint dimensions can be used in the determination of sex, the HB index may not be utilized in sex determination from footprints.

AB - Determination of sex from the footprints recovered at crime scenes can help the investigation by narrowing down the pool of possible suspects. The present research studies the dimensions of the heel and the ball in footprints, and derives the Heel-Ball (HB) index from these foot dimensions with the aim to find out if the foot dimensions and the HB index exhibit sexual dimorphisms. The study was carried out on 100 individuals (50. males, 50. females) of Indian origin. Footprints were obtained from both feet of the study participants using standard techniques. Thus, a total of 200 footprints were obtained. The breadth of the footprint at ball (BBAL) and the breadth of the footprint at heel (BHEL) were measured on the footprints. The HB index was derived as (BHEL. ÷ BBAL). ×. 100. The footprint measurements at the ball and heel were significantly larger in males on both the sides. Likewise, the derived HB index was larger in males in both feet, but the sex differences were not statistically significant. The study concludes that though footprint dimensions can be used in the determination of sex, the HB index may not be utilized in sex determination from footprints.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84929142318&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84929142318&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ejfs.2014.02.002

DO - 10.1016/j.ejfs.2014.02.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84929142318

VL - 4

SP - 29

EP - 33

JO - Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences

JF - Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences

SN - 2090-536X

IS - 2

ER -