Purpose: To study the infections caused by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with emphasis on heterogeneous vancomycin intermediate S. aureus (hVISA) in diabetic and non-diabetic patients and their comparison. Patients and Methods: S. aureus strains isolated from diabetic and non-diabetic patients admitted in four tertiary care hospitals in Coastal Karnataka, South India, were tested for methicillin resistance and included in the present study. Demographic and clinical data of the patients were collected using structured proforma. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was done using the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method, and MLSB phenotypes were identified using the D-test. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of vancomycin was determined using agar dilution. MRSA isolates were tested for hVISA using vancomycin screen agar and population analysis profile – area under the curve (PAP-AUC) test. Statistical analysis of the results was done using the chi-square test. SPSS version 29.0 was used for this purpose. Results: Out of 665 strains of S. aureus isolated, 220 (33.1%) were MRSA. Of these 220 MRSA strains, 122 (55.5%) and 98 (44.5%) were isolated from diabetic and non-diabetic patients, respectively. There was no significant difference in the antimicrobial resistance patterns of MRSA strains isolated from diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Foot infections and osteomyelitis caused by MRSA were significantly more among diabetic patients. Out of 220 strains of MRSA, 14 (6.4%) were hVISA. The rates of hVISA among MRSA isolated from diabetic and non-diabetic were 9.0% and 3.1%, respectively. This difference was statistically not significant. Conclusion: The rate of hVISA among all MRSA isolates was 6.4%. The risk of hVISA infection was three times more in diabetic patients. The results emphasize the importance of the detection of hVISA among MRSA isolates especially from diabetic patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)