Higher Impulsivity and HIV-Risk Taking Behaviour in Males with Alcohol Dependence Compared to Bipolar Mania: A Pilot Study

Sakshi Rai, Biswa Ranjan Mishra, Sukanto Sarkar, Samir Kumar Praharaj, Sudipta Das, Rituparna Maiti, Nidhi Agrawal, S. Haque Nizami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To study the association of impulsivity, high-risk behaviours and incidence of HIV infection in patients with alcohol dependence and bipolar mania. This was a cross-sectional hospital-based pilot study and the sample consisted of male patients divided into three groups: 25 patients with alcohol dependence and 25 with bipolar mania as per ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research and 25 normal controls. Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire (SADQ) and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) were administered on alcohol dependent and bipolar patients, respectively. All three groups were rated on Barrett’s Impulsivity Scale (BIS) and HIV Risk-taking Behaviour Scale (HRBS). None of the patients tested positive for either HIV 1 or 2. BIS motor impulsivity, BIS total score and HRBS total score were significantly higher in alcohol dependent patients as compared to bipolar mania patients. In the Alcohol dependent group, BIS score significantly correlated with education years, age of onset of alcohol use and SADQ, whereas, HRBS total score significantly correlated with SADQ scores. In the bipolar mania group, BIS significantly correlated with YMRS, and total number of episodes, whereas, there was no significant correlation of HRBS total score with any clinical variable. The findings of this pilot study underscore the link between alcohol use disorder and the impulsive behaviours that can lead to HIV infection, and highlight that those risks are higher for individuals with alcohol dependency than for individuals with bipolar disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-223
Number of pages6
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2018

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Impulsive Behavior
Risk-Taking
Bipolar Disorder
Alcoholism
alcohol
HIV
Alcohols
HIV Infections
rating scale
questionnaire
HIV-2
Group
International Classification of Diseases
Age of Onset
HIV-1
risk behavior
Education
diagnostic
incidence
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Rai, Sakshi ; Mishra, Biswa Ranjan ; Sarkar, Sukanto ; Praharaj, Samir Kumar ; Das, Sudipta ; Maiti, Rituparna ; Agrawal, Nidhi ; Nizami, S. Haque. / Higher Impulsivity and HIV-Risk Taking Behaviour in Males with Alcohol Dependence Compared to Bipolar Mania : A Pilot Study. In: Community Mental Health Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 54, No. 2. pp. 218-223.
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Higher Impulsivity and HIV-Risk Taking Behaviour in Males with Alcohol Dependence Compared to Bipolar Mania : A Pilot Study. / Rai, Sakshi; Mishra, Biswa Ranjan; Sarkar, Sukanto; Praharaj, Samir Kumar; Das, Sudipta; Maiti, Rituparna; Agrawal, Nidhi; Nizami, S. Haque.

In: Community Mental Health Journal, Vol. 54, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 218-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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