Histopathological investigation in forensic autopsies

Tanuj Kanchan, Flora D. Lobo, Ritesh G. Menezes, Suresh Kumar Shetty

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forensic autopsies are primarily conducted to determine the cause of death and to opine if the cause of death is in accordance with the postulated manner of death. These autopsies require photography, collection of evidentiary material and identification procedures, along with chemical analysis, histopathological evaluation, and other ancillary autopsy investigations. In cases of sudden unexpected deaths wherein even though the death may have occurred from an identifiable cause, the gross autopsy findings may be obscure or non-specific thus necessitating histopathological evaluation. Histopathological evaluation is however, not very commonly done in developing countries like India and its significance needs to be studied and emphasized in such countries. The present study was conducted in Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, a medical institute affiliated to Manipal University in South India to highlight the importance of histopathological evaluation in medicolegal autopsies. Two hundred forensic autopsy cases were evaluated for histopathology in the associated Department of Pathology between January 2006 and September 2007. The autopsies were conducted by the Department of Forensic Medicine and the internal organs were subjected to histopathological evaluation in the Department of Pathology. Coronary atherosclerotic diseases, pneumonia and tuberculosis were the most frequent diagnoses observed in the autopsied cases. In the present case series, we have reviewed six of the unusual cases diagnosed solely by histopathological examination of the internal organs after autopsy during the aforementioned study period. The cases reviewed included a case of choriocarcinoma clinically diagnosed as septic abortion, acute leukemia manifesting as cerebral haemorrhage due to thrombocytopenia, tuberculous myocarditis presenting as sudden cardiac death, biliary cirrhosis in a chronic alcoholic, acute haemorrhagic pancreatitis as a cause of sudden death, and a case of sudden unexpected death due to malaria. The present research highlights on the decisive role of histopathological examination and the increasing trend of its usefulness in medicolegal work in recent times in developing countries like India.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPathology
Subtitle of host publicationNew Research
PublisherNova Science Publishers Inc
Pages91-98
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781621006985
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2012

Fingerprint

Autopsy
Sudden Death
India
Cause of Death
Developing Countries
Septic Abortion
Pathology
Choriocarcinoma
Forensic Medicine
Biliary Liver Cirrhosis
Photography
Sudden Cardiac Death
Myocarditis
Cerebral Hemorrhage
Thrombocytopenia
Pancreatitis
Malaria
Coronary Disease
Pneumonia
Leukemia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kanchan, T., Lobo, F. D., Menezes, R. G., & Shetty, S. K. (2012). Histopathological investigation in forensic autopsies. In Pathology: New Research (pp. 91-98). Nova Science Publishers Inc.
Kanchan, Tanuj ; Lobo, Flora D. ; Menezes, Ritesh G. ; Shetty, Suresh Kumar. / Histopathological investigation in forensic autopsies. Pathology: New Research. Nova Science Publishers Inc, 2012. pp. 91-98
@inbook{e773d26b753540a2b6b7f85722d7ed7d,
title = "Histopathological investigation in forensic autopsies",
abstract = "Forensic autopsies are primarily conducted to determine the cause of death and to opine if the cause of death is in accordance with the postulated manner of death. These autopsies require photography, collection of evidentiary material and identification procedures, along with chemical analysis, histopathological evaluation, and other ancillary autopsy investigations. In cases of sudden unexpected deaths wherein even though the death may have occurred from an identifiable cause, the gross autopsy findings may be obscure or non-specific thus necessitating histopathological evaluation. Histopathological evaluation is however, not very commonly done in developing countries like India and its significance needs to be studied and emphasized in such countries. The present study was conducted in Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, a medical institute affiliated to Manipal University in South India to highlight the importance of histopathological evaluation in medicolegal autopsies. Two hundred forensic autopsy cases were evaluated for histopathology in the associated Department of Pathology between January 2006 and September 2007. The autopsies were conducted by the Department of Forensic Medicine and the internal organs were subjected to histopathological evaluation in the Department of Pathology. Coronary atherosclerotic diseases, pneumonia and tuberculosis were the most frequent diagnoses observed in the autopsied cases. In the present case series, we have reviewed six of the unusual cases diagnosed solely by histopathological examination of the internal organs after autopsy during the aforementioned study period. The cases reviewed included a case of choriocarcinoma clinically diagnosed as septic abortion, acute leukemia manifesting as cerebral haemorrhage due to thrombocytopenia, tuberculous myocarditis presenting as sudden cardiac death, biliary cirrhosis in a chronic alcoholic, acute haemorrhagic pancreatitis as a cause of sudden death, and a case of sudden unexpected death due to malaria. The present research highlights on the decisive role of histopathological examination and the increasing trend of its usefulness in medicolegal work in recent times in developing countries like India.",
author = "Tanuj Kanchan and Lobo, {Flora D.} and Menezes, {Ritesh G.} and Shetty, {Suresh Kumar}",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781621006985",
pages = "91--98",
booktitle = "Pathology",
publisher = "Nova Science Publishers Inc",
address = "United States",

}

Kanchan, T, Lobo, FD, Menezes, RG & Shetty, SK 2012, Histopathological investigation in forensic autopsies. in Pathology: New Research. Nova Science Publishers Inc, pp. 91-98.

Histopathological investigation in forensic autopsies. / Kanchan, Tanuj; Lobo, Flora D.; Menezes, Ritesh G.; Shetty, Suresh Kumar.

Pathology: New Research. Nova Science Publishers Inc, 2012. p. 91-98.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Histopathological investigation in forensic autopsies

AU - Kanchan, Tanuj

AU - Lobo, Flora D.

AU - Menezes, Ritesh G.

AU - Shetty, Suresh Kumar

PY - 2012/12/1

Y1 - 2012/12/1

N2 - Forensic autopsies are primarily conducted to determine the cause of death and to opine if the cause of death is in accordance with the postulated manner of death. These autopsies require photography, collection of evidentiary material and identification procedures, along with chemical analysis, histopathological evaluation, and other ancillary autopsy investigations. In cases of sudden unexpected deaths wherein even though the death may have occurred from an identifiable cause, the gross autopsy findings may be obscure or non-specific thus necessitating histopathological evaluation. Histopathological evaluation is however, not very commonly done in developing countries like India and its significance needs to be studied and emphasized in such countries. The present study was conducted in Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, a medical institute affiliated to Manipal University in South India to highlight the importance of histopathological evaluation in medicolegal autopsies. Two hundred forensic autopsy cases were evaluated for histopathology in the associated Department of Pathology between January 2006 and September 2007. The autopsies were conducted by the Department of Forensic Medicine and the internal organs were subjected to histopathological evaluation in the Department of Pathology. Coronary atherosclerotic diseases, pneumonia and tuberculosis were the most frequent diagnoses observed in the autopsied cases. In the present case series, we have reviewed six of the unusual cases diagnosed solely by histopathological examination of the internal organs after autopsy during the aforementioned study period. The cases reviewed included a case of choriocarcinoma clinically diagnosed as septic abortion, acute leukemia manifesting as cerebral haemorrhage due to thrombocytopenia, tuberculous myocarditis presenting as sudden cardiac death, biliary cirrhosis in a chronic alcoholic, acute haemorrhagic pancreatitis as a cause of sudden death, and a case of sudden unexpected death due to malaria. The present research highlights on the decisive role of histopathological examination and the increasing trend of its usefulness in medicolegal work in recent times in developing countries like India.

AB - Forensic autopsies are primarily conducted to determine the cause of death and to opine if the cause of death is in accordance with the postulated manner of death. These autopsies require photography, collection of evidentiary material and identification procedures, along with chemical analysis, histopathological evaluation, and other ancillary autopsy investigations. In cases of sudden unexpected deaths wherein even though the death may have occurred from an identifiable cause, the gross autopsy findings may be obscure or non-specific thus necessitating histopathological evaluation. Histopathological evaluation is however, not very commonly done in developing countries like India and its significance needs to be studied and emphasized in such countries. The present study was conducted in Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, a medical institute affiliated to Manipal University in South India to highlight the importance of histopathological evaluation in medicolegal autopsies. Two hundred forensic autopsy cases were evaluated for histopathology in the associated Department of Pathology between January 2006 and September 2007. The autopsies were conducted by the Department of Forensic Medicine and the internal organs were subjected to histopathological evaluation in the Department of Pathology. Coronary atherosclerotic diseases, pneumonia and tuberculosis were the most frequent diagnoses observed in the autopsied cases. In the present case series, we have reviewed six of the unusual cases diagnosed solely by histopathological examination of the internal organs after autopsy during the aforementioned study period. The cases reviewed included a case of choriocarcinoma clinically diagnosed as septic abortion, acute leukemia manifesting as cerebral haemorrhage due to thrombocytopenia, tuberculous myocarditis presenting as sudden cardiac death, biliary cirrhosis in a chronic alcoholic, acute haemorrhagic pancreatitis as a cause of sudden death, and a case of sudden unexpected death due to malaria. The present research highlights on the decisive role of histopathological examination and the increasing trend of its usefulness in medicolegal work in recent times in developing countries like India.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84891968360&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84891968360&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84891968360

SN - 9781621006985

SP - 91

EP - 98

BT - Pathology

PB - Nova Science Publishers Inc

ER -

Kanchan T, Lobo FD, Menezes RG, Shetty SK. Histopathological investigation in forensic autopsies. In Pathology: New Research. Nova Science Publishers Inc. 2012. p. 91-98