Background: Mitral stenosis (MS) has the highest incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in chronic rheumatic valvular disease. There are very few studies in isolated MS comparing histopathological changes in patients with sinus rhythm (SR) and AF. Objectives: To analyze the histological changes associated with isolated MS and compare between changes in AF and SR. Methods: This was a prospective study in patients undergoing valve replacement surgery for symptomatic isolated MS who were divided into 2 groups, Group I AF (n = 13) and Group II SR (n = 10). Intra-operative biopsies performed from 5 different sites from both atria were analyzed for 10 histopathologic changes commonly associated with AF. Results: On multivariate analysis, myocytolysis (odds ratio [OR]: 1.48, P = 0.05) was found to be associated with AF, whereas myocyte hypertrophy (OR: 0.21, P = 0.003), and glycogen deposition (OR: 0.43, P = 0.002) was associated with SR. Interstitial fibrosis the commonest change was uniformly distributed across both atria irrespective of the rhythm. Conclusion: In rheumatic MS, SR is associated with myocyte hypertrophy whereas AF is associated with myocytolysis. Endocardial inflammation is more common in left atrial appendage irrespective of rhythm. Interstitial fibrosis is seen in >90% of patients distributed in both the atria and is independent of the rhythm. Amyloid and Aschoff bodies are uncommon and the rest of the changes are uniformly distributed across both the atria.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)