HIV-Related Knowledge among PLWHA Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital at Coastal South India—A Facility-Based Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Adequate knowledge about HIV/AIDS among people living with HIV (PLHIV) is essential for the prevention of HIV transmission. Methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of 409 PLHIV aged ≥18 years were interviewed regarding their HIV-related knowledge, from April 2014 to April 2015. HIV-related knowledge was assessed using the HIV knowledge questionnaire 18. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done to determine the factors associated with high HIV-related knowledge. Odds ratios with its corresponding 95% confidence intervals were reported. A value of P <.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Among 409 PLHIV, 46.2% had high HIV-related knowledge. Univariate analysis yields factors like upper socioeconomic status, those who are literates, unemployed, and adherent to antiretroviral therapy (ART) were associated with higher HIV-related knowledge. On multivariate analysis, upper socioeconomic status and adherence to ART were the factors that remained significantly associated with higher HIV-related knowledge. Conclusion: HIV-related knowledge among PLHIV can be improved through HIV educational programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-619
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2017

Fingerprint

Tertiary Healthcare
Tertiary Care Centers
HIV
Social Class
Multivariate Analysis
Statistical Factor Analysis
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

@article{2ba07160a4e546079d79d261d0cfa4e9,
title = "HIV-Related Knowledge among PLWHA Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital at Coastal South India—A Facility-Based Study",
abstract = "Background: Adequate knowledge about HIV/AIDS among people living with HIV (PLHIV) is essential for the prevention of HIV transmission. Methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of 409 PLHIV aged ≥18 years were interviewed regarding their HIV-related knowledge, from April 2014 to April 2015. HIV-related knowledge was assessed using the HIV knowledge questionnaire 18. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done to determine the factors associated with high HIV-related knowledge. Odds ratios with its corresponding 95{\%} confidence intervals were reported. A value of P <.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Among 409 PLHIV, 46.2{\%} had high HIV-related knowledge. Univariate analysis yields factors like upper socioeconomic status, those who are literates, unemployed, and adherent to antiretroviral therapy (ART) were associated with higher HIV-related knowledge. On multivariate analysis, upper socioeconomic status and adherence to ART were the factors that remained significantly associated with higher HIV-related knowledge. Conclusion: HIV-related knowledge among PLHIV can be improved through HIV educational programs.",
author = "{Banagi Yathiraj}, Arjun and Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan and Ramapuram, {John T.} and Rekha Thapar and Prasanna Mithra and Deepak Madi and Nithin Kumar and Vaman Kulkarni and Ramesh Holla and Jayachidambaram Ambalavanan and Darshan, {B. B.}",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/2325957417742671",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "615--619",
journal = "Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care",
issn = "2325-9574",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - HIV-Related Knowledge among PLWHA Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital at Coastal South India—A Facility-Based Study

AU - Banagi Yathiraj, Arjun

AU - Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran

AU - Ramapuram, John T.

AU - Thapar, Rekha

AU - Mithra, Prasanna

AU - Madi, Deepak

AU - Kumar, Nithin

AU - Kulkarni, Vaman

AU - Holla, Ramesh

AU - Ambalavanan, Jayachidambaram

AU - Darshan, B. B.

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Background: Adequate knowledge about HIV/AIDS among people living with HIV (PLHIV) is essential for the prevention of HIV transmission. Methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of 409 PLHIV aged ≥18 years were interviewed regarding their HIV-related knowledge, from April 2014 to April 2015. HIV-related knowledge was assessed using the HIV knowledge questionnaire 18. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done to determine the factors associated with high HIV-related knowledge. Odds ratios with its corresponding 95% confidence intervals were reported. A value of P <.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Among 409 PLHIV, 46.2% had high HIV-related knowledge. Univariate analysis yields factors like upper socioeconomic status, those who are literates, unemployed, and adherent to antiretroviral therapy (ART) were associated with higher HIV-related knowledge. On multivariate analysis, upper socioeconomic status and adherence to ART were the factors that remained significantly associated with higher HIV-related knowledge. Conclusion: HIV-related knowledge among PLHIV can be improved through HIV educational programs.

AB - Background: Adequate knowledge about HIV/AIDS among people living with HIV (PLHIV) is essential for the prevention of HIV transmission. Methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of 409 PLHIV aged ≥18 years were interviewed regarding their HIV-related knowledge, from April 2014 to April 2015. HIV-related knowledge was assessed using the HIV knowledge questionnaire 18. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done to determine the factors associated with high HIV-related knowledge. Odds ratios with its corresponding 95% confidence intervals were reported. A value of P <.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Among 409 PLHIV, 46.2% had high HIV-related knowledge. Univariate analysis yields factors like upper socioeconomic status, those who are literates, unemployed, and adherent to antiretroviral therapy (ART) were associated with higher HIV-related knowledge. On multivariate analysis, upper socioeconomic status and adherence to ART were the factors that remained significantly associated with higher HIV-related knowledge. Conclusion: HIV-related knowledge among PLHIV can be improved through HIV educational programs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85038419962&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85038419962&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/2325957417742671

DO - 10.1177/2325957417742671

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85038419962

VL - 16

SP - 615

EP - 619

JO - Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care

JF - Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care

SN - 2325-9574

IS - 6

ER -