HIV-Related Knowledge among PLWHA Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital at Coastal South India—A Facility-Based Study

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Abstract

Background: Adequate knowledge about HIV/AIDS among people living with HIV (PLHIV) is essential for the prevention of HIV transmission. Methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of 409 PLHIV aged ≥18 years were interviewed regarding their HIV-related knowledge, from April 2014 to April 2015. HIV-related knowledge was assessed using the HIV knowledge questionnaire 18. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done to determine the factors associated with high HIV-related knowledge. Odds ratios with its corresponding 95% confidence intervals were reported. A value of P <.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Among 409 PLHIV, 46.2% had high HIV-related knowledge. Univariate analysis yields factors like upper socioeconomic status, those who are literates, unemployed, and adherent to antiretroviral therapy (ART) were associated with higher HIV-related knowledge. On multivariate analysis, upper socioeconomic status and adherence to ART were the factors that remained significantly associated with higher HIV-related knowledge. Conclusion: HIV-related knowledge among PLHIV can be improved through HIV educational programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-619
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

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