Abstract

Introduction: The present study assessed the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related stigma and the factors influencing it among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) in tertiary care hospitals at Mangalore, South India. Stigma related to HIV still persists as a major public health issue globally and varies from person to person. The various forms of HIV-related stigma are personalized stigma, disclosure stigma, negative self-image stigma, and public attitude stigma. Material and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 409 PLHIV aged ≥ 18 years were interviewed from April 2014 to April 2015. HIV-related stigma was assessed using the “revised HIV stigma scale”. So-cio-demographic characteristics and factors affecting HIV stigma were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. The association between various domains of HIV-related stigma with socio-demographic characteristics was assessed using one way ANOVA (analysis of variance) and student t-test. P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Among the HIV-related stigma domains, disclosure and public attitudes stigma showed higher mean scores followed by negative self-image stigma. Personalized stigma domain showed the least scores in our study. Our study identified that HIV-related stigma was higher among males, older participants, those who were married, of a higher socio-economic status, on a longer duration of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and participants who had travelled more distance to procure ART. Conclussions: Counseling PLHIV and educating care givers and the community is essential for tackling stigmatization among PLHIV. Mitigating stigma through multi-dimensional intervention strategies is crucial to overcome stigma associated with HIV/AIDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages6
JournalHIV and AIDS Review
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2018

Fingerprint

India
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Disclosure
Demography
Stereotyping
Public Sector
Tertiary Healthcare
Tertiary Care Centers
Caregivers
Counseling
Analysis of Variance
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Economics
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

@article{d742cb2bc95c4d6a93dd0409b500c41f,
title = "HIV-related stigma experienced by people living with HIV/AIDS in coastal South India",
abstract = "Introduction: The present study assessed the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related stigma and the factors influencing it among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) in tertiary care hospitals at Mangalore, South India. Stigma related to HIV still persists as a major public health issue globally and varies from person to person. The various forms of HIV-related stigma are personalized stigma, disclosure stigma, negative self-image stigma, and public attitude stigma. Material and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 409 PLHIV aged ≥ 18 years were interviewed from April 2014 to April 2015. HIV-related stigma was assessed using the “revised HIV stigma scale”. So-cio-demographic characteristics and factors affecting HIV stigma were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. The association between various domains of HIV-related stigma with socio-demographic characteristics was assessed using one way ANOVA (analysis of variance) and student t-test. P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Among the HIV-related stigma domains, disclosure and public attitudes stigma showed higher mean scores followed by negative self-image stigma. Personalized stigma domain showed the least scores in our study. Our study identified that HIV-related stigma was higher among males, older participants, those who were married, of a higher socio-economic status, on a longer duration of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and participants who had travelled more distance to procure ART. Conclussions: Counseling PLHIV and educating care givers and the community is essential for tackling stigmatization among PLHIV. Mitigating stigma through multi-dimensional intervention strategies is crucial to overcome stigma associated with HIV/AIDS.",
author = "Yathiraj, {Arjun B.} and Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan and Ramapuram, {John T.} and Nithin Kumar and Prasanna Mithra and Rekha Thapar and Vaman Kulkarni and Ramesh Holla and Darshan, {B. B.} and Prasanth Narahari",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5114/hivar.2018.73359",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "30--35",
journal = "HIV and AIDS Review",
issn = "1730-1270",
publisher = "Elsevier Urban and Partner sp. z o.o.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - HIV-related stigma experienced by people living with HIV/AIDS in coastal South India

AU - Yathiraj, Arjun B.

AU - Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran

AU - Ramapuram, John T.

AU - Kumar, Nithin

AU - Mithra, Prasanna

AU - Thapar, Rekha

AU - Kulkarni, Vaman

AU - Holla, Ramesh

AU - Darshan, B. B.

AU - Narahari, Prasanth

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Introduction: The present study assessed the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related stigma and the factors influencing it among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) in tertiary care hospitals at Mangalore, South India. Stigma related to HIV still persists as a major public health issue globally and varies from person to person. The various forms of HIV-related stigma are personalized stigma, disclosure stigma, negative self-image stigma, and public attitude stigma. Material and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 409 PLHIV aged ≥ 18 years were interviewed from April 2014 to April 2015. HIV-related stigma was assessed using the “revised HIV stigma scale”. So-cio-demographic characteristics and factors affecting HIV stigma were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. The association between various domains of HIV-related stigma with socio-demographic characteristics was assessed using one way ANOVA (analysis of variance) and student t-test. P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Among the HIV-related stigma domains, disclosure and public attitudes stigma showed higher mean scores followed by negative self-image stigma. Personalized stigma domain showed the least scores in our study. Our study identified that HIV-related stigma was higher among males, older participants, those who were married, of a higher socio-economic status, on a longer duration of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and participants who had travelled more distance to procure ART. Conclussions: Counseling PLHIV and educating care givers and the community is essential for tackling stigmatization among PLHIV. Mitigating stigma through multi-dimensional intervention strategies is crucial to overcome stigma associated with HIV/AIDS.

AB - Introduction: The present study assessed the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related stigma and the factors influencing it among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) in tertiary care hospitals at Mangalore, South India. Stigma related to HIV still persists as a major public health issue globally and varies from person to person. The various forms of HIV-related stigma are personalized stigma, disclosure stigma, negative self-image stigma, and public attitude stigma. Material and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 409 PLHIV aged ≥ 18 years were interviewed from April 2014 to April 2015. HIV-related stigma was assessed using the “revised HIV stigma scale”. So-cio-demographic characteristics and factors affecting HIV stigma were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. The association between various domains of HIV-related stigma with socio-demographic characteristics was assessed using one way ANOVA (analysis of variance) and student t-test. P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Among the HIV-related stigma domains, disclosure and public attitudes stigma showed higher mean scores followed by negative self-image stigma. Personalized stigma domain showed the least scores in our study. Our study identified that HIV-related stigma was higher among males, older participants, those who were married, of a higher socio-economic status, on a longer duration of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and participants who had travelled more distance to procure ART. Conclussions: Counseling PLHIV and educating care givers and the community is essential for tackling stigmatization among PLHIV. Mitigating stigma through multi-dimensional intervention strategies is crucial to overcome stigma associated with HIV/AIDS.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045092513&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045092513&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5114/hivar.2018.73359

DO - 10.5114/hivar.2018.73359

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 30

EP - 35

JO - HIV and AIDS Review

JF - HIV and AIDS Review

SN - 1730-1270

IS - 1

ER -