Household and environment factors associated with asthma among Indian women

A multilevel approach

Vasudeva Guddattu, A. Swathi, N. Sreekumaran Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Asthma is a prevalent disease among adults in India. This study aims to find prevalence and risk factors for asthma among Indian women aged 15 to 49 based on Indian National Family Health Survey3. Methods. Prevalence of asthma was reported per 1000 women among individual- and household-level variables. Chi-square test was used as test of association. Odds ratio with 95 confidence interval was used to find risk factors. Multilevel logistic regression was used to find risk factors adjusting for the confounding effect. Attributable risk percentage and population-attributable risk percentage were computed and interpreted. Results. The overall prevalence of asthma was 17 per 1000 women. Overweight, obesity, exposure to alcohol, smoking, use of biomass for cooking, and low education are proven to be risk factors for asthma. The odds ratio ranges from 1.2 to 3. Not cooking under chimney and exposure to biomass fuels were observed to have high population-attributable risk percentage (19, 18.6). Controlling for these variables may reduce major burden of asthma. Conclusion. Modification of household-level variables such as cooking fuel and cooking condition coupled with abstinence in consumption of alcohol and smoking may reduce the prevalence of asthma among women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-411
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05-2010

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Asthma
Cooking
Biomass
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Family Health
Chi-Square Distribution
Alcohol Drinking
Population
India
Obesity
Logistic Models
Alcohols
Confidence Intervals
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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abstract = "Background. Asthma is a prevalent disease among adults in India. This study aims to find prevalence and risk factors for asthma among Indian women aged 15 to 49 based on Indian National Family Health Survey3. Methods. Prevalence of asthma was reported per 1000 women among individual- and household-level variables. Chi-square test was used as test of association. Odds ratio with 95 confidence interval was used to find risk factors. Multilevel logistic regression was used to find risk factors adjusting for the confounding effect. Attributable risk percentage and population-attributable risk percentage were computed and interpreted. Results. The overall prevalence of asthma was 17 per 1000 women. Overweight, obesity, exposure to alcohol, smoking, use of biomass for cooking, and low education are proven to be risk factors for asthma. The odds ratio ranges from 1.2 to 3. Not cooking under chimney and exposure to biomass fuels were observed to have high population-attributable risk percentage (19, 18.6). Controlling for these variables may reduce major burden of asthma. Conclusion. Modification of household-level variables such as cooking fuel and cooking condition coupled with abstinence in consumption of alcohol and smoking may reduce the prevalence of asthma among women.",
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Household and environment factors associated with asthma among Indian women : A multilevel approach. / Guddattu, Vasudeva; Swathi, A.; Nair, N. Sreekumaran.

In: Journal of Asthma, Vol. 47, No. 4, 05.2010, p. 407-411.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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