Hydrous ferric oxide doped alginate beads for fluoride removal

Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium studies

M. G. Sujana, A. Mishra, B. C. Acharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new biopolymer beads, composite of hydrous ferric oxide (HFO) and alginate were synthesised, characterised and studied for its fluoride efficiency from water. The beads were characterised by chemical analysis, BET surface area, pHPZC and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The optimum conditions for fluoride removal were determined by studying operational variables viz. pH, contact time, initial F- concentration, bead dose and temperature. Presence of other anions like SO4 2-, PO4 3-, NO3 -, Cl- and HCO3 - effect on fluoride removal efficiency of prepared beads was also tested. The beads were 0.8-0.9 mm in size and contain 32-33% Fe (III) and showed specific surface area of 25.80 m2 g-1 and pHPZC of 5.15. Modified beads demonstrated Langmuir F- adsorption capacity of 8.90 mg g-1 at pH 7.0. The adsorption kinetics were best described by the pseudo-second order kinetic model followed by intra-particle diffusion as the rate determining step. It was found that about 80% of the adsorbed fluoride could be desorbed by using 0.05 M HCl. The FTIR, Raman and SEM-EDAX analysis were used to study the fluoride adsorption mechanisms on beads. Studies were also conducted to test the potential application of beads for F- removal from drinking water and the treated water quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-776
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume270
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Alginate
Fluorides
Adsorption
Kinetics
Oxides
Biopolymers
Specific surface area
Potable water
X ray diffraction analysis
Water quality
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Negative ions
Scanning electron microscopy
Drinking Water
Composite materials
Anions
Chemical analysis
ferric oxide
alginic acid
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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title = "Hydrous ferric oxide doped alginate beads for fluoride removal: Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium studies",
abstract = "A new biopolymer beads, composite of hydrous ferric oxide (HFO) and alginate were synthesised, characterised and studied for its fluoride efficiency from water. The beads were characterised by chemical analysis, BET surface area, pHPZC and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The optimum conditions for fluoride removal were determined by studying operational variables viz. pH, contact time, initial F- concentration, bead dose and temperature. Presence of other anions like SO4 2-, PO4 3-, NO3 -, Cl- and HCO3 - effect on fluoride removal efficiency of prepared beads was also tested. The beads were 0.8-0.9 mm in size and contain 32-33{\%} Fe (III) and showed specific surface area of 25.80 m2 g-1 and pHPZC of 5.15. Modified beads demonstrated Langmuir F- adsorption capacity of 8.90 mg g-1 at pH 7.0. The adsorption kinetics were best described by the pseudo-second order kinetic model followed by intra-particle diffusion as the rate determining step. It was found that about 80{\%} of the adsorbed fluoride could be desorbed by using 0.05 M HCl. The FTIR, Raman and SEM-EDAX analysis were used to study the fluoride adsorption mechanisms on beads. Studies were also conducted to test the potential application of beads for F- removal from drinking water and the treated water quality.",
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Hydrous ferric oxide doped alginate beads for fluoride removal : Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium studies. / Sujana, M. G.; Mishra, A.; Acharya, B. C.

In: Applied Surface Science, Vol. 270, 01.04.2013, p. 767-776.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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