Identification of facial shape by applying golden ratio to the facial measurements: An interracial study in Malaysian population

Vasanthakumar Packiriswamy, Pramod Kumar, Mohandas Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The "golden ratio" is considered as a universal facial aesthetical standard. Researcher's opinion that deviation from golden ratio can result in development of facial abnormalities. Aims: This study was designed to study the facial morphology and to identify individuals with normal, short, and long face. Materials and Methods: We studied 300 Malaysian nationality subjects aged 18-28 years of Chinese, Indian, and Malay extraction. The parameters measured were physiognomical facial height and width of face, and physiognomical facial index was calculated. Face shape was classified based on golden ratio. Independent t test was done to test the difference between sexes and among the races. Results: The mean values of the measurements and index showed significant sexual and interracial differences. Out of 300 subjects, the face shape was normal in 60 subjects, short in 224 subjects, and long in 16 subjects. Conclusion: As anticipated, the measurements showed variations according to gender and race. Only 60 subjects had a regular face shape, and remaining 240 subjects had irregular face shape (short and long). Since the short and long shape individuals may be at risk of developing various disorders, the knowledge of facial shapes in the given population is important for early diagnostic and treatment procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)624-629
Number of pages6
JournalNorth American Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume4
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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