Impact of accreditation on performance of healthcare organizations: A review of global studies

Swathi K.S, Gopalkrishna Barkur, Somu G

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the accreditation research in specific to its effect on the performance of healthcare organizations. Design/methodology/approach: A comprehensive search and analysis of literature on the effect of healthcare accreditation were conducted between June 2017 and May 2018. The study identified 62 empirical research studies that examined the effect of healthcare accreditation programmes. Study particulars such as year of publication, objectives, focus of the study, research settings and key findings were recorded. A content analysis was performed to identify the frequency of the main themes in the literature. Knowledge gaps needing further examination were identified. Findings: Majority of the accreditation impact studies were carried out in the developed nations (n = 49). The thematic categories, that is the impact on “patient safety and healthcare quality” (n = 26), “healthcare professionals’ views” (n = 28) and “clinical process and outcomes” (n = 17) were addressed more times. Whereas the other two thematic categories “organizational performance” and “consumers’ views or satisfaction,” each was examined less than 10 instances. This review reveals mixed views on effect of healthcare accreditation. The varied quality of studies and the availability of a few studies on consumers’ perception of accreditation effectiveness were the important limiting factors of this review. Originality/value: The findings are valuable to healthcare managers and hospital administrators in accreditation decisions, whereas findings are of value to researchers and academicians in terms of gaps identified for future research studies pertaining to the impact of healthcare accreditation. Future studies need to consider holistic theoretical frameworks for assessing the effect of accreditation on performance of healthcare organizations to achieve precise results.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Quality and Service Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 01-01-2020

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

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