Impact of pharmaceutical care on clinical outcomes among hemodialysis patients: A multicenter randomized controlled study

Uday Venkat Mateti, Anantha Naik Nagappa, Ravindra Prabhu Attur, Shankar Prasad Nagaraju, Dharshan Rangaswamy

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to assess the impact of pharmaceutical care on medication adherence, hemoglobin (Hb) levels, blood pressure (BP), and interdialytic weight gain (IDW) among hemodialysis (HD) patients. An open-label randomized controlled study has been conducted at three different hospitals of HD centers. The patients have been randomized into two groups [usual care group (UCG) and pharmaceutical care group (PCG)] by block design. The assessment has been carried out at baseline, 6th, and 12th months. At the end of the study, a total number of 153 patients have been followed. Out of 153 patients, 83 (UCG: n = 41; PCG: n = 42), 18 (UCG: n = 09; PCG: n = 09), and 52 (UCG: n = 25; PCG: n = 27) patients have been followed from academic, government, and corporate hospitals, respectively. The PCG had significantly reduced its IDW and BP levels in comparison to UCG at different time intervals with a statistical significance of P <0.05. The Hb levels and medication adherence rate scores of HD patients had significantly increased in PCG compared to UCG at different time intervals. The "World Health Organization-International Pharmaceutical Federation pharmaceutical care" plan model delivered by the registered pharmacist regarding the knowledge about the disease, medications, life style changes, nutritional information, personal interview, and medication review had a positive impact on the on medication adherence, Hb levels, BP, and IDW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-808
Number of pages8
JournalSaudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2018

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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