Implications of mmWave Radiation on Human Health: State of the Art Threshold Levels

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6 Citations (Scopus)


millimeter (mmWave) frequencies are covering from 30GHz to 300GHz in the electromagnetic spectrum and their uses in various applications like next-generation wireless communication systems (massive 5G telecommunications network), medical devices, airport security and automatic collision avoidance systems are growing vastly in the near future. Therefore, it is important to study the effects of mmWave radiation (non-ionization radiation) on biological systems and biophysical mechanisms. This paper focus on thorough review of nascent literature about current understandings of biological effects and epidemiological studies due to mmWave radiation in human beings. It presents latest guidelines with quantitative electromagnetic field thresholds by considering the realistic exposure scenarios of “general public” and “occupational” who undergo through wireless communication sources in their daily life. It also gives necessary safety measures to be taken while using the emerging mmWave technologies for future generation wireless communication networks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9328127
Pages (from-to)13009 - 13021
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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