Importance of serum copper and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A) levels in postmenopausal bleeding

Afshan Rafi, Ramakrishna Devaki, K. Sabitha, Shruti Mohanty, Pragna Rao

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The main aim of this study is association of serum copper and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A) in postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) patients. Blood samples were collected from female patients suffering with postmenopausal bleeding (n = 50) as well as healthy females as controls (n = 50). Serum copper levels were estimated by spectrophotometric method and serum VEGF-A by ELISA technique and compared with ultrasonographic measurement of endometrial thickness in both patients and controls. A significant increase in serum copper levels and an almost twofold increase in serum VEGF-A was observed in DUB patients when compared with controls. Correlation (r) between serum VEGF-A levels and endometrial thickness was 0.96. Odds ratio for copper, VEGF-A and combination of copper and VEGF-A was 0.0426, 0.0947 and 0.0313 respectively, in all these cases odds ratio was <1. The abnormal angiogenesis in PMB could be due to increased serum copper levels,which in turn stimulates factors like VEGF-A, thereby causing an increase in endometrial growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-151
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 04-2013


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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