Inclusion complexation of etodolac with hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin and auxiliary agents: Formulation characterization and molecular modeling studies

Atul P. Sherje, Vaidehi Kulkarni, Manikanta Murahari, Usha Y. Nayak, Pritesh Bhat, Vasanti Suvarna, Bhushan Dravyakar

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The present investigation was aimed to prepare inclusion complexes of a therapeutically important nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, etodolac (ETD) with hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) and to study the effect of L-arginine (L-Arg) as an auxiliary agent on the complexation efficiency of HP-β-CD to improve aqueous solubility and the dissolution property of ETD. The binary and ternary complexes were prepared by physical mixing, coevaporation, and spray drying methods. The complexes were characterized using differential scanning colorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) studies. The mechanism of inclusion interaction of guest and host was established through 1H NMR, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics studies. On the basis of preliminary screening studies, L-Arg was found to be the most efficient auxiliary agent for the present research problem. The change in crystallinity of ETD was evident from DSC and PXRD studies which indicated the formation of new solid forms. A remarkable increase in apparent stability constant (Kc) and complexation efficiency (CE) of HP-β-CD was observed in the presence of L-Arg in ternary complexes with improvement in solubility and dissolution of ETD than binary complexes. However, inclusion complexes of ETD obtained by computational studies is in good correlation with the results obtained through experimental methods. More stable complex formation with L-Arg was confirmed by molecular simulation studies too. Thus, the present study led to the conclusion that the ternary complex of ETD-HP-β-CD-L-Arg could be an innovative approach to augment the solubility and dissolution behavior of ETD. (Graph Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1231-1242
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Pharmaceutics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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