Influence of a low-carbohydrate and rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, ascorbic acid, antioxidants, and fiber diet on clinical outcomes in patients with chronic gingivitis: A randomized controlled trial

Savan Rajaram, Swet Nisha, Nada Ali, Pratibha Shashikumar, Shaswata Karmakar, Vijayendra Pandey

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Abstract

Background: Nutrition has a significant impact on the pathophysiology of periodontal disease. Both micro-and macronutrients have an impact on periodontal health. This study aimed at the evaluation of the effects of a diet low in carbohydrate and rich in omega-3 fatty acids, ascorbic acid, antioxidants, and fiber on clinical outcomes in patients with gingival inflammation for four weeks. Materials and Methods: Overall, 54 systemically healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. The clinical trial consisted of two groups: Group A (test group) (n = 27) was instructed to consume a diet comprising low carbohydrates, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, ascorbic acid, antioxidants, and fibers for the next four weeks; in Group B (control group) (n = 27), no alteration in dietary behavior was done, and these subjects were instructed to have their daily routine diet. Clinical parameters measured were plaque index (PI), gingival bleeding index (GI), probing depths (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), and bleeding on probing (BOP) at one week without any dietary changes (baseline) for both the groups, followed by a one-week adaptation period; then, the parameters were checked on a weekly basis for the next four weeks. Results: Primary clinical outcome BOP and secondary outcome GI showed significant changes in the test group compared with the control group (P 0.05). However, no significant changes were seen in the plaque scores in the test group (P > 0.05). The degree of diet compliance on the clinical parameters (PI, GI, and BOP) was assessed by using regression analysis. Conclusion: Dietary recommendations can be beneficial in managing gingival and periodontal inflammation. Nutritional interventional studies as monotherapy are required to evaluate the clinical significance of diet in periodontal therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-67
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

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