Influence of admission blood glucose in predicting outcome in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hematoma

Lakshman I. Kongwad, Ajay Hegde, Girish Menon, Rajesh Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background and Aims: Hyperglycemia or elevated blood glucose levels have been associated with poor outcomes in patients with ischemic stroke yet control of hyperglycemia has not resulted in good outcomes. High admission blood glucose (ABG) values have been mitigated by other poor prognosticators like large hematoma volume, intraventricular extension (IVE) of hematoma and poor GCS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of blood glucose levels at admission, on mortality and functional outcomes at discharge and 3 months follow up. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study conducted at a tertiary care. Patients with spontaneous SICH were enrolled from a prospective SICH register maintained at our hospital. Blood glucose values were recorded on admission. Patients with traumatic hematomas, vascular malformations, aneurysms, and coagulation abnormalities were excluded from our study. Results: A total of 510 patients were included in the study. We dichotomised our cohort into two groups, group A with ABG > 160 mg/dl and group B with ABG < 160 mg/dl. Mean blood glucose levels in these two groups were 220.73 mg/dl and 124.37 mg/dl respectively, with group A having twice the mortality. mRS at discharge and 3 months was better in Group B (p ≤ 0.001) as compared to Group A. Age, GCS, volume of hematoma, ABG, IVE and Hydrocephalus were significant predictors of mortality and poor outcome on univariate analysis with a p < 0.05. The relationship between ABG and mortality (P = 0.249, 95% CI 0.948-1.006) and outcome (P = 0.538, 95% CI 0.997-1.005) failed to reach statistical significance on multivariate logistic regression. Age, Volume of hematoma and GCS were stronger predictors of mortality and morbidity. Conclusion: Admission blood glucose levels was not an independent predictor of mortality in our study when adjusted with age, GCS, and hematoma volume. The effect of high ABG on SICH outcome is probably multifactorial and warrants further research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number725
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume9
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28-08-2018

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Hematoma
Blood Glucose
Mortality
Hyperglycemia
Vascular Malformations
Tertiary Healthcare
Hydrocephalus
Observational Studies
Aneurysm
Retrospective Studies
Age Groups
Logistic Models
Stroke
Morbidity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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title = "Influence of admission blood glucose in predicting outcome in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hematoma",
abstract = "Background and Aims: Hyperglycemia or elevated blood glucose levels have been associated with poor outcomes in patients with ischemic stroke yet control of hyperglycemia has not resulted in good outcomes. High admission blood glucose (ABG) values have been mitigated by other poor prognosticators like large hematoma volume, intraventricular extension (IVE) of hematoma and poor GCS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of blood glucose levels at admission, on mortality and functional outcomes at discharge and 3 months follow up. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study conducted at a tertiary care. Patients with spontaneous SICH were enrolled from a prospective SICH register maintained at our hospital. Blood glucose values were recorded on admission. Patients with traumatic hematomas, vascular malformations, aneurysms, and coagulation abnormalities were excluded from our study. Results: A total of 510 patients were included in the study. We dichotomised our cohort into two groups, group A with ABG > 160 mg/dl and group B with ABG < 160 mg/dl. Mean blood glucose levels in these two groups were 220.73 mg/dl and 124.37 mg/dl respectively, with group A having twice the mortality. mRS at discharge and 3 months was better in Group B (p ≤ 0.001) as compared to Group A. Age, GCS, volume of hematoma, ABG, IVE and Hydrocephalus were significant predictors of mortality and poor outcome on univariate analysis with a p < 0.05. The relationship between ABG and mortality (P = 0.249, 95{\%} CI 0.948-1.006) and outcome (P = 0.538, 95{\%} CI 0.997-1.005) failed to reach statistical significance on multivariate logistic regression. Age, Volume of hematoma and GCS were stronger predictors of mortality and morbidity. Conclusion: Admission blood glucose levels was not an independent predictor of mortality in our study when adjusted with age, GCS, and hematoma volume. The effect of high ABG on SICH outcome is probably multifactorial and warrants further research.",
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Influence of admission blood glucose in predicting outcome in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hematoma. / Kongwad, Lakshman I.; Hegde, Ajay; Menon, Girish; Nair, Rajesh.

In: Frontiers in Neurology, Vol. 9, No. AUG, 725, 28.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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