Influence of early mobilization program on pain, self-reported and performance based functional measures following total knee replacement

Karvannan Harikesavan, R. D. Chakravarty, Arun G. Maiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Total knee replacement (TKR) is an optimal treatment for persons with severe knee joint pain and disability, who were unsuccessful with conservative management. Early mobilization can be defined as moving out of bed and/or walking quickly after the surgery for reducing the risks allied with bed rest. There is a paucity of studies on effects of early mobilization on a performance-based measure of timed up and go test (TUG), six-minute walk test (SMWT) and a self-reported disease-specific measure of a knee injury and Osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS) following TKR. Methods: A prospective pre-post-trial was conducted at Manipal Hospital, Bangalore, India. Participants underwent early (POD ‘0’) mobilization on the same postoperative day within 7 h post-TKR surgery. Outcome measures were recorded by an independent blinded observer. The statistical significance level was set at ‘p’ value < 0.05. The difference between pre-operative and post-operative outcome measure at 1 month and 3 months post-intervention were analyzed using repeated measures of ANOVA. Results: The study included a total of 78 participants (59 Females; 19 Males) and the mean age of the included participants was 64.1 ± 7 years. Amongst, 78 participants, 53 underwent unilateral TKR, 25 underwent bilateral TKR. There were three dropouts in the study due to post-operative complications. Significant improvements from pre-operative to one month were observed following POD ‘0’ mobilization on NPRS (7.35 ± 1.2 to 4.3 ± 1.7), SMWT (169 ± 70 to 236.7 ± 80.7). KOOS subscales of pain, symptom, and quality of life showed significant changes at one month and 3 months. TUG, Knee strength, Knee ROM and KOOS ADL subscale shown improvements only at 3 months post-intervention. Conclusion: Our study findings suggest that POD ‘0’ (early) mobilization can result in reduced pain and an increase in walking speed at 1 month. Significant changes were observed in pain, Knee strength, Knee ROM, TUG, SMWT and KOOS subscales at 3 months following total knee replacement.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 01-01-2018

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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