Influence of molecular architecture, hydrogen bonding, chemical moieties and flexible chain for smectic polymorphism in (4)EoBD(3)AmBA:nOBAs

A. V.S.N. Krishna Murthy, M. Srinivasulu, M. L.N. Madhumohan, M. Muni Prasad, Y. V. Rao, A. V.N. Ashok Kumar, P. V. Chalapathy, D. M. Potukuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel series of calamitic, complementary hydrogen-bonded (HB), meta-extended Schiff base core containing liquid crystalline (LC) complexes with ethoxy chain at one end and varied flexible chain at other end, viz., (4)EoBD(3)AmBA:nOBAs for n = 3–12 is reported. 1H, 13C NMR and FTIR spectroscopy confirm complex formation. LC phases, phase transition temperatures (T C) and enthalpy are characterized by polarizing optical microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry(DSC). SmA, SmC, SmBcryst,SmF, SmI, SmE, SmG and SmH phases are exhibited. Clearing and melting temperatures exhibit odd–even effect. Schiff base bridged by oxygen atom promoted of smectic phase occurrence. Complementary HB-induced and -enhanced tilted smectic phase range. Large LC phase variants, i.e., tetra, penta and hexa are observed. Hexa LC phase variant for n = 6 and 12. Unlike in p-n-alkoxy benzoic acids (nOBAs), Nematic phase is quenched. Quasi two-dimensional LC SmF and SmI phases identified. Lower (for n = 3,5), intermediate (for n = 6,7) and higher (n = 9) homologues exhibit 3D SmBcryst phase. Monotropic LC phase occurrence is also noticed. Apart from other LC phase transitions, SmA–SmC transition is mostly found to be second order or very weakly first order nature. Phase diagram by DSC infers existence of multi-critical points in the vicinity of SmF and SmI phase structures with psuedo hexagonal packing. Influence of meta-extended core, complementary HB and flexibility component are discussed for LC phase abundance. Role of orientational disorder induced by flexible component discussed. In comparison with LC phase occurrence in (4)MeoBD(3)AmBA:nOBAs, shielded inductomeric effect is argued for large thermal range of tilted smectic phases. Integrated and differential heat energies are estimated in successive heating and cooling scans to investigate optimized realization of LC phases. Results are discussed in the wake of contemporary reports in other LCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-36
Number of pages36
JournalMolecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals
Volume715
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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