Influence of pre-pregnancy weight, maternal height and weight gain during pregnancy on birth weight

R. S. Phaneendra Rao, K. P. Prakash, N. Sreekumaran Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To study the effect of pre-pregnancy weight, maternal height and weight gain during pregnancy on birth weight. Design: A community based longitudinal study. Setting: The study was conducted in the rural field practice area of the Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka State, India. Study Period: Between 1st June 1996 to 31st January 1998. Subjects: A total of 75 pregnancies were followed up till delivery. Main outcome and measures: Pre-pregnancy weight, maternal height, weight gain during pregnancy and other baseline characteristics were collected using a pre-tested proforma. Weight of the baby was recorded immediately after birth. Results: The mean pre-pregnancy weight and maternal height were 43.7 kg (SD=6.6) and 154.2 cm (SD=5.2) respectively. The mean weight gain during pregnancy was found to be 8.0 kg (SD=2.6). The mean birth weight was 2869.7 gm (SD=467.2) with a range of 1380-3800gm. A statistically significant correlation was observed between pre-pregnancy weight (r =0.4, p<0.001), maternal height (r=0.36, p=0.001), weight gain during pregnancy (r=0.52, p<0.001) and birth weight. Interpretation and conclusion: Multiple regression analysis revealed that pre-pregnancy weight, maternal height and weight gain during pregnancy were independently associated with birth weight.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-26
Number of pages5
JournalBahrain Medical Bulletin
Volume23
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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