The spray pyrolyzed Zn1−xCoxO (x = 0.01–0.10 at%) (ZCO) films showed polycrystalline nature with a prominent peak of (0 0 2) plane. Fibrous structure changes to the rice-grain type morphology with an increase in doping. XPS analysis confirmed the existence of Co ions in the +2 state. The transmittance and energy bandgap (Eg) of deposits reduces with an increase in doping level due to Co2+. The Z-scan technique was used to measure the third-order optical nonlinearities using DPSS CW laser at 532 nm excitation wavelength. The calculated third-order nonlinear susceptibility χ(3) is in the order of ~10−7 esu. The measured optical limiting threshold is in the range of 5.8–9.6 kJ/cm2. The deposits can be used in light sensitive devices for optical limiter application.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry