The evolutionarily conserved SWI-SNF chromatin remodeling complex regulates cellular proliferation. A catalytic subunit, BRG-1, is frequently down regulated, silenced or mutated in malignant cells, however, the mechanism by which BRG-1 may function as a tumor suppressor or block breast cancer cellular proliferation is not understood. The cyclin D1 gene is a collaborative oncogene overexpressed in greater than 50% of human breast cancers. Herein, BRG-1 inhibited DNA synthesis and cyclin D1 expression in human MCF-7 breast cancer epithelial cells. The cyclin D1 promoter AP-1 and CRE sites were required for repression by BRG-1 in promoter assays. BRG-1 deficient cells abolished and siRNA to BRG-1 reduced, formation of the BRG-1 chromatin complex. The endogenous cyclin D1 promoter AP-1 site bound BRG-1. Estradiol treatment of MCF-7 cells induced recruitment of BRG-1 to the endogenous hpS2 gene promoter. Estradiol, which induced cyclin D1 abundance, was associated with a reduction in recruitment of the co-repressors HP1α/HDAC1 to the endogenous cyclin D1 promoter AP-1/BRG-1 binding sites. These studies suggest the endogenous cyclin D1 promoter BRG-1 binding site functions as a molecular scaffold in the context of local chromatin upon which coactivators and corepressors are recruited to regulate cyclin D1.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 01-03-2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology