Insulin-like growth factor-I rescue of primary keratinocytes from pre- and post-ultraviolet B radiation effects

Melisa J. Andrade, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy, Zee Upton, Derek R. Van Lonkhuyzen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ultraviolet B radiation (UVBR) induces the formation of photolesions in epidermal keratinocytes, potentially affecting cellular function and contributing towards malignant transformation. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) contributes to protection of keratinocytes against UVBR-induced damage. Studies have shown that exogenous IGF-I or dermal fibroblast conditioned media pre-UVBR contributes to protection in primary keratinocytes by preventing apoptosis, modulating cell cycle progression and affecting photolesion removal through its damage preventative effects, however, the efficacy of IGF-I post-UVBR has not been sufficiently addressed. Using 2D and 3D photobiology skin models, the ability of IGF-I post-UVBR to rescue primary keratinocytes from photodamage was investigated. The photoprotective effect of IGF-I, both pre- and post-UVBR on cellular functions of irradiated keratinocytes was examined. IGF-I application, either pre- or post-UVBR, was found to alter keratinocyte survival, apoptosis, cell cycle progression and damage removal responses to UVBR. In particular, IGF-I application post-UVBR was found to promote increased keratinocyte survival, prevent apoptosis, shift cell cycle progression and reduce photodamage in all the skin models. Furthermore, marked differences were observed in activation of signalling cascades upon IGF-I treatment post-UVBR. Taken together, these findings indicate that in addition to a previously known photodamage preventative effect, IGF-I treatment post-UVBR has a photoreparative role suggesting it may hold potential in the development of effective remedial strategies against sunburns and photodamage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111951
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
Volume209
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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