The present study was aimed at assessing the protective effect of insulin against doxorubicin (DOX) -induced cognitive dysfunction in Wistar rats. Cognitive function for episodic memory was assessed by a novel object recognition task (NORT) in male Wistar rats. Oxidative stress markers—SOD, catalase, glutathione, and lipid peroxidation—in the hippocampus and frontal cortex were assessed using colorimetric methods. Doxorubicin treatment (2.5 mg/kg, i.p., every 5 days for 50 days) reduced recognition and discriminative indices in NORT with increased oxidative stress in the brain. A nonhypoglycemic dose of insulin (0.5 IU/kg, i.p.) significantly reduced brain oxidative stress (MDA) induced by doxorubicin with an increase in the antioxidant defense systems (SOD, catalase, and GSH). Rats treated with combined insulin and DOX spent comparatively more time with the novel object when compared to the non-novel objects; however, the observed difference was not statistically significant. An apparent improvement (p < 0.26) in recognition of the novel object was observed against the damage induced by doxorubicin. These results suggest that insulin reduces brain oxidative stress and apparently improves doxorubicin-induced cognitive dysfunction in Wistar rats.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
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K.S.R. Pai (Manager)Department of Pharmacology, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal