Intermolecular dissociation energies of dispersively bound complexes of aromatics with noble gases and nitrogen

Richard Knochenmuss, Rajeev K. Sinha, Samuel Leutwyler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We measured accurate intermolecular dissociation energies D0 of the supersonic jet-cooled complexes of 1-naphthol (1NpOH) with the noble gases Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe and with N2, using the stimulated-emission pumping resonant two-photon ionization method. The ground-state values D0(S0) for the 1NpOH·S complexes with S= Ar, Kr, Xe, and N2 were bracketed to be within ±3.5%; they are 5.67 ± 0.05 kJ/mol for S = Ar, 7.34 ± 0.07 kJ/mol for S = Kr, 10.8 ± 0.28 kJ/mol for S = Xe, 6.67 ± 0.08 kJ/mol for isomer 1 of the 1NpOH·N2 complex, and 6.62 ± 0.22 kJ/mol for the corresponding isomer 2. For S = Ne, the upper limit is D0 < 3.36 kJ/mol. The dissociation energies increase by 1%-5% upon S0 → S1 excitation of the complexes. Three dispersion-corrected density functional theory (DFT-D) methods (B97-D3, B3LYP-D3, and ωB97X-D) predict that the most stable form of these complexes involves dispersive binding to the naphthalene "face." A more weakly bound edge isomer is predicted in which the S moiety is H-bonded to the OH group of 1NpOH; however, no edge isomers were observed experimentally. The B97-D3 calculated dissociation energies D0(S0) of the face complexes with Ar, Kr, and N2 agree with the experimental values within <5%, but the D0(S0) for Xe is 12% too low. The B3LYP-D3 and ωB97X-D calculated D0(S0) values exhibit larger deviations to both larger and smaller dissociation energies. For comparison to 1-naphthol, we calculated the D0(S0) of the carbazole complexes with S = Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, and N2 using the same DFT-D methods. The respective experimental values have been previously determined to be within <2%. Again, the B97-D3 results are in the best overall agreement with experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134302
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume148
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-04-2018

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Noble Gases
Isomers
rare gases
Nitrogen
isomers
dissociation
nitrogen
Discrete Fourier transforms
Pumping (laser)
Stimulated emission
energy
carbazoles
stimulated emission
naphthalene
Ground state
Ionization
Density functional theory
pumping
Photons
density functional theory

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

@article{81c43205bd8442a2ae37271247959c41,
title = "Intermolecular dissociation energies of dispersively bound complexes of aromatics with noble gases and nitrogen",
abstract = "We measured accurate intermolecular dissociation energies D0 of the supersonic jet-cooled complexes of 1-naphthol (1NpOH) with the noble gases Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe and with N2, using the stimulated-emission pumping resonant two-photon ionization method. The ground-state values D0(S0) for the 1NpOH·S complexes with S= Ar, Kr, Xe, and N2 were bracketed to be within ±3.5{\%}; they are 5.67 ± 0.05 kJ/mol for S = Ar, 7.34 ± 0.07 kJ/mol for S = Kr, 10.8 ± 0.28 kJ/mol for S = Xe, 6.67 ± 0.08 kJ/mol for isomer 1 of the 1NpOH·N2 complex, and 6.62 ± 0.22 kJ/mol for the corresponding isomer 2. For S = Ne, the upper limit is D0 < 3.36 kJ/mol. The dissociation energies increase by 1{\%}-5{\%} upon S0 → S1 excitation of the complexes. Three dispersion-corrected density functional theory (DFT-D) methods (B97-D3, B3LYP-D3, and ωB97X-D) predict that the most stable form of these complexes involves dispersive binding to the naphthalene {"}face.{"} A more weakly bound edge isomer is predicted in which the S moiety is H-bonded to the OH group of 1NpOH; however, no edge isomers were observed experimentally. The B97-D3 calculated dissociation energies D0(S0) of the face complexes with Ar, Kr, and N2 agree with the experimental values within <5{\%}, but the D0(S0) for Xe is 12{\%} too low. The B3LYP-D3 and ωB97X-D calculated D0(S0) values exhibit larger deviations to both larger and smaller dissociation energies. For comparison to 1-naphthol, we calculated the D0(S0) of the carbazole complexes with S = Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, and N2 using the same DFT-D methods. The respective experimental values have been previously determined to be within <2{\%}. Again, the B97-D3 results are in the best overall agreement with experiment.",
author = "Richard Knochenmuss and Sinha, {Rajeev K.} and Samuel Leutwyler",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
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doi = "10.1063/1.5019432",
language = "English",
volume = "148",
journal = "Journal of Chemical Physics",
issn = "0021-9606",
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Intermolecular dissociation energies of dispersively bound complexes of aromatics with noble gases and nitrogen. / Knochenmuss, Richard; Sinha, Rajeev K.; Leutwyler, Samuel.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 148, No. 13, 134302, 07.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intermolecular dissociation energies of dispersively bound complexes of aromatics with noble gases and nitrogen

AU - Knochenmuss, Richard

AU - Sinha, Rajeev K.

AU - Leutwyler, Samuel

PY - 2018/4/7

Y1 - 2018/4/7

N2 - We measured accurate intermolecular dissociation energies D0 of the supersonic jet-cooled complexes of 1-naphthol (1NpOH) with the noble gases Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe and with N2, using the stimulated-emission pumping resonant two-photon ionization method. The ground-state values D0(S0) for the 1NpOH·S complexes with S= Ar, Kr, Xe, and N2 were bracketed to be within ±3.5%; they are 5.67 ± 0.05 kJ/mol for S = Ar, 7.34 ± 0.07 kJ/mol for S = Kr, 10.8 ± 0.28 kJ/mol for S = Xe, 6.67 ± 0.08 kJ/mol for isomer 1 of the 1NpOH·N2 complex, and 6.62 ± 0.22 kJ/mol for the corresponding isomer 2. For S = Ne, the upper limit is D0 < 3.36 kJ/mol. The dissociation energies increase by 1%-5% upon S0 → S1 excitation of the complexes. Three dispersion-corrected density functional theory (DFT-D) methods (B97-D3, B3LYP-D3, and ωB97X-D) predict that the most stable form of these complexes involves dispersive binding to the naphthalene "face." A more weakly bound edge isomer is predicted in which the S moiety is H-bonded to the OH group of 1NpOH; however, no edge isomers were observed experimentally. The B97-D3 calculated dissociation energies D0(S0) of the face complexes with Ar, Kr, and N2 agree with the experimental values within <5%, but the D0(S0) for Xe is 12% too low. The B3LYP-D3 and ωB97X-D calculated D0(S0) values exhibit larger deviations to both larger and smaller dissociation energies. For comparison to 1-naphthol, we calculated the D0(S0) of the carbazole complexes with S = Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, and N2 using the same DFT-D methods. The respective experimental values have been previously determined to be within <2%. Again, the B97-D3 results are in the best overall agreement with experiment.

AB - We measured accurate intermolecular dissociation energies D0 of the supersonic jet-cooled complexes of 1-naphthol (1NpOH) with the noble gases Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe and with N2, using the stimulated-emission pumping resonant two-photon ionization method. The ground-state values D0(S0) for the 1NpOH·S complexes with S= Ar, Kr, Xe, and N2 were bracketed to be within ±3.5%; they are 5.67 ± 0.05 kJ/mol for S = Ar, 7.34 ± 0.07 kJ/mol for S = Kr, 10.8 ± 0.28 kJ/mol for S = Xe, 6.67 ± 0.08 kJ/mol for isomer 1 of the 1NpOH·N2 complex, and 6.62 ± 0.22 kJ/mol for the corresponding isomer 2. For S = Ne, the upper limit is D0 < 3.36 kJ/mol. The dissociation energies increase by 1%-5% upon S0 → S1 excitation of the complexes. Three dispersion-corrected density functional theory (DFT-D) methods (B97-D3, B3LYP-D3, and ωB97X-D) predict that the most stable form of these complexes involves dispersive binding to the naphthalene "face." A more weakly bound edge isomer is predicted in which the S moiety is H-bonded to the OH group of 1NpOH; however, no edge isomers were observed experimentally. The B97-D3 calculated dissociation energies D0(S0) of the face complexes with Ar, Kr, and N2 agree with the experimental values within <5%, but the D0(S0) for Xe is 12% too low. The B3LYP-D3 and ωB97X-D calculated D0(S0) values exhibit larger deviations to both larger and smaller dissociation energies. For comparison to 1-naphthol, we calculated the D0(S0) of the carbazole complexes with S = Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, and N2 using the same DFT-D methods. The respective experimental values have been previously determined to be within <2%. Again, the B97-D3 results are in the best overall agreement with experiment.

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