Intermolecular dissociation energies of hydrogen-bonded 1-naphthol complexes

Richard Knochenmuss, Rajeev K. Sinha, Anja Poblotzki, Takuya Den, Samuel Leutwyler

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Abstract

We have measured the intermolecular dissociation energies D0 of supersonically cooled 1-naphthol (1NpOH) complexes with solvents S = furan, thiophene, 2,5-dimethylfuran, and tetrahydrofuran. The naphthol OH forms non-classical H-bonds with the aromatic π-electrons of furan, thiophene, and 2,5-dimethylfuran and a classical H-bond with the tetrahydrofuran O atom. Using the stimulated-emission pumping resonant two-photon ionization method, the ground-state D0(S0) values were bracketed as 21.8 ± 0.3 kJ/mol for furan, 26.6 ± 0.6 kJ/mol for thiophene, 36.5 ± 2.3 kJ/mol for 2,5-dimethylfuran, and 37.6 ± 1.3 kJ/mol for tetrahydrofuran. The dispersion-corrected density functional theory methods B97-D3, B3LYP-D3 (using the def2-TZVPP basis set), and ωB97X-D [using the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set] predict that the H-bonded (edge) isomers are more stable than the face isomers bound by dispersion; experimentally, we only observe edge isomers. We compare the calculated and experimental D0 values and extend the comparison to the previously measured 1NpOH complexes with cyclopropane, benzene, water, alcohols, and cyclic ethers. The dissociation energies of the nonclassically H-bonded complexes increase roughly linearly with the average polarizability of the solvent, α¯(S). By contrast, the D0 values of the classically H-bonded complexes are larger, increase more rapidly at low α¯(S), but saturate for large α¯(S). The calculated D0(S0) values for the cyclopropane, benzene, furan, and tetrahydrofuran complexes agree with experiment to within 1 kJ/mol and those of thiophene and 2,5-dimethylfuran are ∼3 kJ/mol smaller than experiment. The B3LYP-D3 calculated D0 values exhibit the lowest mean absolute deviation (MAD) relative to experiment (MAD = 1.7 kJ/mol), and the B97-D3 and ωB97X-D MADs are 2.2 and 2.6 kJ/mol, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number204311
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume149
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28-11-2018

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Thiophenes
furans
tetrahydrofuran
thiophenes
Hydrogen
Isomers
dissociation
cyclopropane
isomers
hydrogen
Benzene
Cyclic Ethers
benzene
deviation
Pumping (laser)
Naphthols
Stimulated emission
energy
Experiments
stimulated emission

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Knochenmuss, Richard ; Sinha, Rajeev K. ; Poblotzki, Anja ; Den, Takuya ; Leutwyler, Samuel. / Intermolecular dissociation energies of hydrogen-bonded 1-naphthol complexes. In: Journal of Chemical Physics. 2018 ; Vol. 149, No. 20.
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abstract = "We have measured the intermolecular dissociation energies D0 of supersonically cooled 1-naphthol (1NpOH) complexes with solvents S = furan, thiophene, 2,5-dimethylfuran, and tetrahydrofuran. The naphthol OH forms non-classical H-bonds with the aromatic π-electrons of furan, thiophene, and 2,5-dimethylfuran and a classical H-bond with the tetrahydrofuran O atom. Using the stimulated-emission pumping resonant two-photon ionization method, the ground-state D0(S0) values were bracketed as 21.8 ± 0.3 kJ/mol for furan, 26.6 ± 0.6 kJ/mol for thiophene, 36.5 ± 2.3 kJ/mol for 2,5-dimethylfuran, and 37.6 ± 1.3 kJ/mol for tetrahydrofuran. The dispersion-corrected density functional theory methods B97-D3, B3LYP-D3 (using the def2-TZVPP basis set), and ωB97X-D [using the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set] predict that the H-bonded (edge) isomers are more stable than the face isomers bound by dispersion; experimentally, we only observe edge isomers. We compare the calculated and experimental D0 values and extend the comparison to the previously measured 1NpOH complexes with cyclopropane, benzene, water, alcohols, and cyclic ethers. The dissociation energies of the nonclassically H-bonded complexes increase roughly linearly with the average polarizability of the solvent, α¯(S). By contrast, the D0 values of the classically H-bonded complexes are larger, increase more rapidly at low α¯(S), but saturate for large α¯(S). The calculated D0(S0) values for the cyclopropane, benzene, furan, and tetrahydrofuran complexes agree with experiment to within 1 kJ/mol and those of thiophene and 2,5-dimethylfuran are ∼3 kJ/mol smaller than experiment. The B3LYP-D3 calculated D0 values exhibit the lowest mean absolute deviation (MAD) relative to experiment (MAD = 1.7 kJ/mol), and the B97-D3 and ωB97X-D MADs are 2.2 and 2.6 kJ/mol, respectively.",
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Intermolecular dissociation energies of hydrogen-bonded 1-naphthol complexes. / Knochenmuss, Richard; Sinha, Rajeev K.; Poblotzki, Anja; Den, Takuya; Leutwyler, Samuel.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 149, No. 20, 204311, 28.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intermolecular dissociation energies of hydrogen-bonded 1-naphthol complexes

AU - Knochenmuss, Richard

AU - Sinha, Rajeev K.

AU - Poblotzki, Anja

AU - Den, Takuya

AU - Leutwyler, Samuel

PY - 2018/11/28

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N2 - We have measured the intermolecular dissociation energies D0 of supersonically cooled 1-naphthol (1NpOH) complexes with solvents S = furan, thiophene, 2,5-dimethylfuran, and tetrahydrofuran. The naphthol OH forms non-classical H-bonds with the aromatic π-electrons of furan, thiophene, and 2,5-dimethylfuran and a classical H-bond with the tetrahydrofuran O atom. Using the stimulated-emission pumping resonant two-photon ionization method, the ground-state D0(S0) values were bracketed as 21.8 ± 0.3 kJ/mol for furan, 26.6 ± 0.6 kJ/mol for thiophene, 36.5 ± 2.3 kJ/mol for 2,5-dimethylfuran, and 37.6 ± 1.3 kJ/mol for tetrahydrofuran. The dispersion-corrected density functional theory methods B97-D3, B3LYP-D3 (using the def2-TZVPP basis set), and ωB97X-D [using the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set] predict that the H-bonded (edge) isomers are more stable than the face isomers bound by dispersion; experimentally, we only observe edge isomers. We compare the calculated and experimental D0 values and extend the comparison to the previously measured 1NpOH complexes with cyclopropane, benzene, water, alcohols, and cyclic ethers. The dissociation energies of the nonclassically H-bonded complexes increase roughly linearly with the average polarizability of the solvent, α¯(S). By contrast, the D0 values of the classically H-bonded complexes are larger, increase more rapidly at low α¯(S), but saturate for large α¯(S). The calculated D0(S0) values for the cyclopropane, benzene, furan, and tetrahydrofuran complexes agree with experiment to within 1 kJ/mol and those of thiophene and 2,5-dimethylfuran are ∼3 kJ/mol smaller than experiment. The B3LYP-D3 calculated D0 values exhibit the lowest mean absolute deviation (MAD) relative to experiment (MAD = 1.7 kJ/mol), and the B97-D3 and ωB97X-D MADs are 2.2 and 2.6 kJ/mol, respectively.

AB - We have measured the intermolecular dissociation energies D0 of supersonically cooled 1-naphthol (1NpOH) complexes with solvents S = furan, thiophene, 2,5-dimethylfuran, and tetrahydrofuran. The naphthol OH forms non-classical H-bonds with the aromatic π-electrons of furan, thiophene, and 2,5-dimethylfuran and a classical H-bond with the tetrahydrofuran O atom. Using the stimulated-emission pumping resonant two-photon ionization method, the ground-state D0(S0) values were bracketed as 21.8 ± 0.3 kJ/mol for furan, 26.6 ± 0.6 kJ/mol for thiophene, 36.5 ± 2.3 kJ/mol for 2,5-dimethylfuran, and 37.6 ± 1.3 kJ/mol for tetrahydrofuran. The dispersion-corrected density functional theory methods B97-D3, B3LYP-D3 (using the def2-TZVPP basis set), and ωB97X-D [using the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set] predict that the H-bonded (edge) isomers are more stable than the face isomers bound by dispersion; experimentally, we only observe edge isomers. We compare the calculated and experimental D0 values and extend the comparison to the previously measured 1NpOH complexes with cyclopropane, benzene, water, alcohols, and cyclic ethers. The dissociation energies of the nonclassically H-bonded complexes increase roughly linearly with the average polarizability of the solvent, α¯(S). By contrast, the D0 values of the classically H-bonded complexes are larger, increase more rapidly at low α¯(S), but saturate for large α¯(S). The calculated D0(S0) values for the cyclopropane, benzene, furan, and tetrahydrofuran complexes agree with experiment to within 1 kJ/mol and those of thiophene and 2,5-dimethylfuran are ∼3 kJ/mol smaller than experiment. The B3LYP-D3 calculated D0 values exhibit the lowest mean absolute deviation (MAD) relative to experiment (MAD = 1.7 kJ/mol), and the B97-D3 and ωB97X-D MADs are 2.2 and 2.6 kJ/mol, respectively.

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