We have measured the intermolecular dissociation energies D0 of supersonically cooled 1-naphthol (1NpOH) complexes with solvents S = furan, thiophene, 2,5-dimethylfuran, and tetrahydrofuran. The naphthol OH forms non-classical H-bonds with the aromatic π-electrons of furan, thiophene, and 2,5-dimethylfuran and a classical H-bond with the tetrahydrofuran O atom. Using the stimulated-emission pumping resonant two-photon ionization method, the ground-state D0(S0) values were bracketed as 21.8 ± 0.3 kJ/mol for furan, 26.6 ± 0.6 kJ/mol for thiophene, 36.5 ± 2.3 kJ/mol for 2,5-dimethylfuran, and 37.6 ± 1.3 kJ/mol for tetrahydrofuran. The dispersion-corrected density functional theory methods B97-D3, B3LYP-D3 (using the def2-TZVPP basis set), and ωB97X-D [using the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set] predict that the H-bonded (edge) isomers are more stable than the face isomers bound by dispersion; experimentally, we only observe edge isomers. We compare the calculated and experimental D0 values and extend the comparison to the previously measured 1NpOH complexes with cyclopropane, benzene, water, alcohols, and cyclic ethers. The dissociation energies of the nonclassically H-bonded complexes increase roughly linearly with the average polarizability of the solvent, α¯(S). By contrast, the D0 values of the classically H-bonded complexes are larger, increase more rapidly at low α¯(S), but saturate for large α¯(S). The calculated D0(S0) values for the cyclopropane, benzene, furan, and tetrahydrofuran complexes agree with experiment to within 1 kJ/mol and those of thiophene and 2,5-dimethylfuran are ∼3 kJ/mol smaller than experiment. The B3LYP-D3 calculated D0 values exhibit the lowest mean absolute deviation (MAD) relative to experiment (MAD = 1.7 kJ/mol), and the B97-D3 and ωB97X-D MADs are 2.2 and 2.6 kJ/mol, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry