Unlike acute diarrhea, the role of pathogens in persistent diarrhea in children in Nepal is unclear. Protozoal parasites are suspected to be a major cause. The study was carried out to find the association between protozoal agents and persistent diarrhea in children below age 5 years from western Nepal. Stool samples were collected from 253 children with persistent diarrhea, from 155 children with acute diarrhea (disease controls) and from 100 healthy children from the community (normal controls). Of 253 children with persistent diarrhea, 90 (35.5%) had protozoal infections, 63 (24.9%) helminthic infections, 32 (12.6%) had bacterial infections and 16 had mixed infections. Giardia lamblia was the most prevalent (67.7%), followed by Entamaeba histolytica (27.7%). HIV infection and severe malnutrition were associated with Cyclospora cayetanensis and Cryptosporidium spp causing persistent diarrhea. We conclude that stool microscopy should be routinely performed in children with persistent diarrhea since protozoal infections can be cured with effective treatment and control can be achieved by proper health education.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health|
|Publication status||Published - 01-01-2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases