Intimate Partner Violence, Depression, and Quality of Life among Women Living with HIV/AIDS in a Coastal City of South India

Basavaprabhu Achchappa, Mahak Bhandary, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, John T. Ramapuram, Vaman Kulkarni, Satish Rao, Deepak Maadi, Anish Bhat, Shivani Priyadarshni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a severe form of abuse prevalent in urban and rural areas of India with its effects on mental and physical health of the person receiving it, leading to a poorer quality of life. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 99 women living with HIV, and information was collected using abuse assessment scale. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0. Results: The IPV was reported by 19.2% of the respondents, of which psychological (14.1%) was most common followed by physical (4.1%) and sexual abuse (1.0%). The experience of IPV was significantly associated with socioeconomic status, number of children, marital status, and CD4 counts of the participants. Conclusion: The prevalence of IPV in our study was found to be less compared to previous studies, however, there were significant association among factors such as socioeconomic status, CD4 counts, and marital status of the participants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-459
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2017

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India
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Quality of Life
HIV
Depression
Marital Status
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Social Class
Sex Offenses
Mental Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Psychology
Intimate Partner Violence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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title = "Intimate Partner Violence, Depression, and Quality of Life among Women Living with HIV/AIDS in a Coastal City of South India",
abstract = "Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a severe form of abuse prevalent in urban and rural areas of India with its effects on mental and physical health of the person receiving it, leading to a poorer quality of life. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 99 women living with HIV, and information was collected using abuse assessment scale. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0. Results: The IPV was reported by 19.2{\%} of the respondents, of which psychological (14.1{\%}) was most common followed by physical (4.1{\%}) and sexual abuse (1.0{\%}). The experience of IPV was significantly associated with socioeconomic status, number of children, marital status, and CD4 counts of the participants. Conclusion: The prevalence of IPV in our study was found to be less compared to previous studies, however, there were significant association among factors such as socioeconomic status, CD4 counts, and marital status of the participants.",
author = "Basavaprabhu Achchappa and Mahak Bhandary and Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan and Ramapuram, {John T.} and Vaman Kulkarni and Satish Rao and Deepak Maadi and Anish Bhat and Shivani Priyadarshni",
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T1 - Intimate Partner Violence, Depression, and Quality of Life among Women Living with HIV/AIDS in a Coastal City of South India

AU - Achchappa, Basavaprabhu

AU - Bhandary, Mahak

AU - Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran

AU - Ramapuram, John T.

AU - Kulkarni, Vaman

AU - Rao, Satish

AU - Maadi, Deepak

AU - Bhat, Anish

AU - Priyadarshni, Shivani

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a severe form of abuse prevalent in urban and rural areas of India with its effects on mental and physical health of the person receiving it, leading to a poorer quality of life. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 99 women living with HIV, and information was collected using abuse assessment scale. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0. Results: The IPV was reported by 19.2% of the respondents, of which psychological (14.1%) was most common followed by physical (4.1%) and sexual abuse (1.0%). The experience of IPV was significantly associated with socioeconomic status, number of children, marital status, and CD4 counts of the participants. Conclusion: The prevalence of IPV in our study was found to be less compared to previous studies, however, there were significant association among factors such as socioeconomic status, CD4 counts, and marital status of the participants.

AB - Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a severe form of abuse prevalent in urban and rural areas of India with its effects on mental and physical health of the person receiving it, leading to a poorer quality of life. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 99 women living with HIV, and information was collected using abuse assessment scale. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0. Results: The IPV was reported by 19.2% of the respondents, of which psychological (14.1%) was most common followed by physical (4.1%) and sexual abuse (1.0%). The experience of IPV was significantly associated with socioeconomic status, number of children, marital status, and CD4 counts of the participants. Conclusion: The prevalence of IPV in our study was found to be less compared to previous studies, however, there were significant association among factors such as socioeconomic status, CD4 counts, and marital status of the participants.

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