Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of pancreas

Multi-detector row CT with 2D curved reformations-correlation with MRCP

Dushyant V. Sahani, Rajagopal Kadavigere, Michael Blake, Carlos Fernandez-Del Castillo, Gregory Y. Lauwers, Peter F. Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

162 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To retrospectively compare accuracy of multi-detector row computed tomography (CT), combined with two-dimensional (2D) curved reformations, and that of magnetic resonance (MR) cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for characterization of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) as malignant, with pathologic examination as reference standard. Materials and Methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained, informed consent was waived, and study was HIPAA compliant. Twenty-five patients (12 women, 13 men; age range, 44-88 years) with pathologically proved IPMN were examined with dual-phase CT with 1.25-mm-thick sections for pancreatic phase; 2D curved reformations along main pancreatic duct (MPD) were generated. T2-weighted MRCP included thick- and thin-slab single-shot fast spin-echo imaging and transverse fast spin-echo imaging. Two radiologists, blinded to surgical end pathologic findings, evaluated images for lesion location, septa, mural nodules, communication with MPD, extent and diameter of MPD dilatation, calcifications, and vascular encasement. Malignancy was suspected when one of the following was present: MPD diameter larger than 10 mm, mural nodules, vascular encasement, peripancreatic lymphadenopathy, or metastases. Sensitivity and specificity values for prediction of malignancy were calculated for CT and MRCP. Interobserver variability was determined (κ analysis). Results: Excellent correlation between modalities was observed. Cyst communication was seen in 20 and 21 of 24 branch pancreatic duct (BPD) IPMNs with CT and MRCP, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for detection of malignancy were 70%, 87%, and 76% (CT) and 70%, 92%, and 80% (MRCP), respectively. Interobserver agreement was good to perfect for both readers in all comparisons (overall, κ = 0.70-1.00). Conclusion: CT combined with 2D curved reformation can provide imaging details of IPMN, including communication of BPD IPMN with MPD, that are almost equivalent to those provided at MRCP. Presence of mural nodules, dilated MPD (>10-mm diameter), or thick septa at CT or MRCP may be used as independent predictors of malignancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-569
Number of pages10
JournalRadiology
Volume238
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2006

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Pancreatic Ducts
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Tomography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Neoplasms
Communication
Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Vascular Calcification
Sensitivity and Specificity
Observer Variation
Research Ethics Committees
Informed Consent
Blood Vessels
Cysts
Dilatation
Neoplasm Metastasis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Sahani, Dushyant V. ; Kadavigere, Rajagopal ; Blake, Michael ; Fernandez-Del Castillo, Carlos ; Lauwers, Gregory Y. ; Hahn, Peter F. / Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of pancreas : Multi-detector row CT with 2D curved reformations-correlation with MRCP. In: Radiology. 2006 ; Vol. 238, No. 2. pp. 560-569.
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title = "Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of pancreas: Multi-detector row CT with 2D curved reformations-correlation with MRCP",
abstract = "Purpose: To retrospectively compare accuracy of multi-detector row computed tomography (CT), combined with two-dimensional (2D) curved reformations, and that of magnetic resonance (MR) cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for characterization of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) as malignant, with pathologic examination as reference standard. Materials and Methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained, informed consent was waived, and study was HIPAA compliant. Twenty-five patients (12 women, 13 men; age range, 44-88 years) with pathologically proved IPMN were examined with dual-phase CT with 1.25-mm-thick sections for pancreatic phase; 2D curved reformations along main pancreatic duct (MPD) were generated. T2-weighted MRCP included thick- and thin-slab single-shot fast spin-echo imaging and transverse fast spin-echo imaging. Two radiologists, blinded to surgical end pathologic findings, evaluated images for lesion location, septa, mural nodules, communication with MPD, extent and diameter of MPD dilatation, calcifications, and vascular encasement. Malignancy was suspected when one of the following was present: MPD diameter larger than 10 mm, mural nodules, vascular encasement, peripancreatic lymphadenopathy, or metastases. Sensitivity and specificity values for prediction of malignancy were calculated for CT and MRCP. Interobserver variability was determined (κ analysis). Results: Excellent correlation between modalities was observed. Cyst communication was seen in 20 and 21 of 24 branch pancreatic duct (BPD) IPMNs with CT and MRCP, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for detection of malignancy were 70{\%}, 87{\%}, and 76{\%} (CT) and 70{\%}, 92{\%}, and 80{\%} (MRCP), respectively. Interobserver agreement was good to perfect for both readers in all comparisons (overall, κ = 0.70-1.00). Conclusion: CT combined with 2D curved reformation can provide imaging details of IPMN, including communication of BPD IPMN with MPD, that are almost equivalent to those provided at MRCP. Presence of mural nodules, dilated MPD (>10-mm diameter), or thick septa at CT or MRCP may be used as independent predictors of malignancy.",
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Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of pancreas : Multi-detector row CT with 2D curved reformations-correlation with MRCP. / Sahani, Dushyant V.; Kadavigere, Rajagopal; Blake, Michael; Fernandez-Del Castillo, Carlos; Lauwers, Gregory Y.; Hahn, Peter F.

In: Radiology, Vol. 238, No. 2, 01.02.2006, p. 560-569.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of pancreas

T2 - Multi-detector row CT with 2D curved reformations-correlation with MRCP

AU - Sahani, Dushyant V.

AU - Kadavigere, Rajagopal

AU - Blake, Michael

AU - Fernandez-Del Castillo, Carlos

AU - Lauwers, Gregory Y.

AU - Hahn, Peter F.

PY - 2006/2/1

Y1 - 2006/2/1

N2 - Purpose: To retrospectively compare accuracy of multi-detector row computed tomography (CT), combined with two-dimensional (2D) curved reformations, and that of magnetic resonance (MR) cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for characterization of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) as malignant, with pathologic examination as reference standard. Materials and Methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained, informed consent was waived, and study was HIPAA compliant. Twenty-five patients (12 women, 13 men; age range, 44-88 years) with pathologically proved IPMN were examined with dual-phase CT with 1.25-mm-thick sections for pancreatic phase; 2D curved reformations along main pancreatic duct (MPD) were generated. T2-weighted MRCP included thick- and thin-slab single-shot fast spin-echo imaging and transverse fast spin-echo imaging. Two radiologists, blinded to surgical end pathologic findings, evaluated images for lesion location, septa, mural nodules, communication with MPD, extent and diameter of MPD dilatation, calcifications, and vascular encasement. Malignancy was suspected when one of the following was present: MPD diameter larger than 10 mm, mural nodules, vascular encasement, peripancreatic lymphadenopathy, or metastases. Sensitivity and specificity values for prediction of malignancy were calculated for CT and MRCP. Interobserver variability was determined (κ analysis). Results: Excellent correlation between modalities was observed. Cyst communication was seen in 20 and 21 of 24 branch pancreatic duct (BPD) IPMNs with CT and MRCP, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for detection of malignancy were 70%, 87%, and 76% (CT) and 70%, 92%, and 80% (MRCP), respectively. Interobserver agreement was good to perfect for both readers in all comparisons (overall, κ = 0.70-1.00). Conclusion: CT combined with 2D curved reformation can provide imaging details of IPMN, including communication of BPD IPMN with MPD, that are almost equivalent to those provided at MRCP. Presence of mural nodules, dilated MPD (>10-mm diameter), or thick septa at CT or MRCP may be used as independent predictors of malignancy.

AB - Purpose: To retrospectively compare accuracy of multi-detector row computed tomography (CT), combined with two-dimensional (2D) curved reformations, and that of magnetic resonance (MR) cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for characterization of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) as malignant, with pathologic examination as reference standard. Materials and Methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained, informed consent was waived, and study was HIPAA compliant. Twenty-five patients (12 women, 13 men; age range, 44-88 years) with pathologically proved IPMN were examined with dual-phase CT with 1.25-mm-thick sections for pancreatic phase; 2D curved reformations along main pancreatic duct (MPD) were generated. T2-weighted MRCP included thick- and thin-slab single-shot fast spin-echo imaging and transverse fast spin-echo imaging. Two radiologists, blinded to surgical end pathologic findings, evaluated images for lesion location, septa, mural nodules, communication with MPD, extent and diameter of MPD dilatation, calcifications, and vascular encasement. Malignancy was suspected when one of the following was present: MPD diameter larger than 10 mm, mural nodules, vascular encasement, peripancreatic lymphadenopathy, or metastases. Sensitivity and specificity values for prediction of malignancy were calculated for CT and MRCP. Interobserver variability was determined (κ analysis). Results: Excellent correlation between modalities was observed. Cyst communication was seen in 20 and 21 of 24 branch pancreatic duct (BPD) IPMNs with CT and MRCP, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for detection of malignancy were 70%, 87%, and 76% (CT) and 70%, 92%, and 80% (MRCP), respectively. Interobserver agreement was good to perfect for both readers in all comparisons (overall, κ = 0.70-1.00). Conclusion: CT combined with 2D curved reformation can provide imaging details of IPMN, including communication of BPD IPMN with MPD, that are almost equivalent to those provided at MRCP. Presence of mural nodules, dilated MPD (>10-mm diameter), or thick septa at CT or MRCP may be used as independent predictors of malignancy.

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