Intratumoral microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted gradient-echo imaging helps differentiate vestibular schwannoma from meningioma

K. Thamburaj, V.V. Radhakrishnan, B. Thomas, S. Nair, G. Menon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vestibular schwannomas (VS) may be difficult to differentiate from cerebellopontine angle (CPA) meningiomas. Demonstration of microhemorrhages in VS on T2*-weighted gradient-echo (GRE) sequences may have potential value to differentiate VS from CPA meningiomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study of 20 patients, MR imaging was performed with T2*-weighted GRE in addition to all basic sequences. Histopathologic examination was performed after surgery. Intratumoral hemosiderin was confirmed by pigment staining. RESULTS: There were 15 patients in the VS group with 16 VS and 5 in the meningioma group with 5 posterior fossa meningiomas. Fourteen of the 16 VS and all 5 meningiomas were treated surgically and were confirmed on histopathologic examination. T2*-weighted GRE identified microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted sequence in 15 (93.75%) of the 16 VS. CT excluded calcification in all VS. T2-weighted turbo spin-echo (TSE) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images recognized microhemorrhages in 2 cases. Pigment staining confirmed hemosiderin in all 14 surgically treated VS, and none of the meningiomas showed microhemorrhages on MR imaging. For the detection of microhemorrhages, T2*-weighted GRE showed a sensitivity of 93.8%, specificity of 100%, positive predictive value of 100%, and negative predictive value of 83.3%. The sensitivity of T2 TSE and FLAIR for microhemorrhage was 12.5%. The Fisher exact test showed a statistically significant difference in the differentiation of VS from meningioma on the basis of detection of microhemorrhages (P <.01). CONCLUSION: Most VS demonstrate microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted GRE. This finding is useful to differentiate VS from CPA meningiomas. T2*-weighted GRE should be used as a basic sequence to evaluate CPA tumors. Identification of microhemorrhages may have the potential to assess the aggressive biologic behavior of VS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-557
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Acoustic Neuroma
Meningioma
Cerebellopontine Angle
Hemosiderin
Staining and Labeling

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title = "Intratumoral microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted gradient-echo imaging helps differentiate vestibular schwannoma from meningioma",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vestibular schwannomas (VS) may be difficult to differentiate from cerebellopontine angle (CPA) meningiomas. Demonstration of microhemorrhages in VS on T2*-weighted gradient-echo (GRE) sequences may have potential value to differentiate VS from CPA meningiomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study of 20 patients, MR imaging was performed with T2*-weighted GRE in addition to all basic sequences. Histopathologic examination was performed after surgery. Intratumoral hemosiderin was confirmed by pigment staining. RESULTS: There were 15 patients in the VS group with 16 VS and 5 in the meningioma group with 5 posterior fossa meningiomas. Fourteen of the 16 VS and all 5 meningiomas were treated surgically and were confirmed on histopathologic examination. T2*-weighted GRE identified microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted sequence in 15 (93.75{\%}) of the 16 VS. CT excluded calcification in all VS. T2-weighted turbo spin-echo (TSE) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images recognized microhemorrhages in 2 cases. Pigment staining confirmed hemosiderin in all 14 surgically treated VS, and none of the meningiomas showed microhemorrhages on MR imaging. For the detection of microhemorrhages, T2*-weighted GRE showed a sensitivity of 93.8{\%}, specificity of 100{\%}, positive predictive value of 100{\%}, and negative predictive value of 83.3{\%}. The sensitivity of T2 TSE and FLAIR for microhemorrhage was 12.5{\%}. The Fisher exact test showed a statistically significant difference in the differentiation of VS from meningioma on the basis of detection of microhemorrhages (P <.01). CONCLUSION: Most VS demonstrate microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted GRE. This finding is useful to differentiate VS from CPA meningiomas. T2*-weighted GRE should be used as a basic sequence to evaluate CPA tumors. Identification of microhemorrhages may have the potential to assess the aggressive biologic behavior of VS.",
author = "K. Thamburaj and V.V. Radhakrishnan and B. Thomas and S. Nair and G. Menon",
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Intratumoral microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted gradient-echo imaging helps differentiate vestibular schwannoma from meningioma. / Thamburaj, K.; Radhakrishnan, V.V.; Thomas, B.; Nair, S.; Menon, G.

In: American Journal of Neuroradiology, Vol. 29, No. 3, 2008, p. 552-557.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intratumoral microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted gradient-echo imaging helps differentiate vestibular schwannoma from meningioma

AU - Thamburaj, K.

AU - Radhakrishnan, V.V.

AU - Thomas, B.

AU - Nair, S.

AU - Menon, G.

N1 - cited By 43

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vestibular schwannomas (VS) may be difficult to differentiate from cerebellopontine angle (CPA) meningiomas. Demonstration of microhemorrhages in VS on T2*-weighted gradient-echo (GRE) sequences may have potential value to differentiate VS from CPA meningiomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study of 20 patients, MR imaging was performed with T2*-weighted GRE in addition to all basic sequences. Histopathologic examination was performed after surgery. Intratumoral hemosiderin was confirmed by pigment staining. RESULTS: There were 15 patients in the VS group with 16 VS and 5 in the meningioma group with 5 posterior fossa meningiomas. Fourteen of the 16 VS and all 5 meningiomas were treated surgically and were confirmed on histopathologic examination. T2*-weighted GRE identified microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted sequence in 15 (93.75%) of the 16 VS. CT excluded calcification in all VS. T2-weighted turbo spin-echo (TSE) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images recognized microhemorrhages in 2 cases. Pigment staining confirmed hemosiderin in all 14 surgically treated VS, and none of the meningiomas showed microhemorrhages on MR imaging. For the detection of microhemorrhages, T2*-weighted GRE showed a sensitivity of 93.8%, specificity of 100%, positive predictive value of 100%, and negative predictive value of 83.3%. The sensitivity of T2 TSE and FLAIR for microhemorrhage was 12.5%. The Fisher exact test showed a statistically significant difference in the differentiation of VS from meningioma on the basis of detection of microhemorrhages (P <.01). CONCLUSION: Most VS demonstrate microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted GRE. This finding is useful to differentiate VS from CPA meningiomas. T2*-weighted GRE should be used as a basic sequence to evaluate CPA tumors. Identification of microhemorrhages may have the potential to assess the aggressive biologic behavior of VS.

AB - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vestibular schwannomas (VS) may be difficult to differentiate from cerebellopontine angle (CPA) meningiomas. Demonstration of microhemorrhages in VS on T2*-weighted gradient-echo (GRE) sequences may have potential value to differentiate VS from CPA meningiomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study of 20 patients, MR imaging was performed with T2*-weighted GRE in addition to all basic sequences. Histopathologic examination was performed after surgery. Intratumoral hemosiderin was confirmed by pigment staining. RESULTS: There were 15 patients in the VS group with 16 VS and 5 in the meningioma group with 5 posterior fossa meningiomas. Fourteen of the 16 VS and all 5 meningiomas were treated surgically and were confirmed on histopathologic examination. T2*-weighted GRE identified microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted sequence in 15 (93.75%) of the 16 VS. CT excluded calcification in all VS. T2-weighted turbo spin-echo (TSE) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images recognized microhemorrhages in 2 cases. Pigment staining confirmed hemosiderin in all 14 surgically treated VS, and none of the meningiomas showed microhemorrhages on MR imaging. For the detection of microhemorrhages, T2*-weighted GRE showed a sensitivity of 93.8%, specificity of 100%, positive predictive value of 100%, and negative predictive value of 83.3%. The sensitivity of T2 TSE and FLAIR for microhemorrhage was 12.5%. The Fisher exact test showed a statistically significant difference in the differentiation of VS from meningioma on the basis of detection of microhemorrhages (P <.01). CONCLUSION: Most VS demonstrate microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted GRE. This finding is useful to differentiate VS from CPA meningiomas. T2*-weighted GRE should be used as a basic sequence to evaluate CPA tumors. Identification of microhemorrhages may have the potential to assess the aggressive biologic behavior of VS.

U2 - 10.3174/ajnr.A0887

DO - 10.3174/ajnr.A0887

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 552

EP - 557

JO - American Journal of Neuroradiology

JF - American Journal of Neuroradiology

SN - 0195-6108

IS - 3

ER -