Investigations into the Flow Behavior in a Nonparallel Shrouded Diffuser of a Centrifugal Fan for Augmented Performance

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Abstract

It is a well-known fact that the diffuser of a centrifugal fan plays a vital role in the energy transformation leading to better static pressure rise and efficiency. Many researchers have worked on modified geometry with respect to both impeller and diffuser so as to extract better efficiency of the fan. This paper highlights a unique numerical study on the performance of a centrifugal fan, which has a diffuser having nonparallel shrouds. The shroud geometry is parametrically varied by adopting various convergence ratios (CR) for the nonparallel shrouds encompassing the diffuser passage. It is revealed in the study that there exists an optimal CR for which the performance is improved over the regular parallel shrouded diffuser passage (base model). It is observed from the numerical analysis that for a nonparallel convergent shroud corresponding to a CR of 0.35, a relatively higher head coefficient of 3.6% is obtained when compared to that of the base model. This configuration also yields a higher theoretical efficiency of about 2.1% corroborating the improvement in head coefficient. This study predicts a design prescription for nonparallel diffuser shrouds of a centrifugal fan for augmented performance due to the fact that the converging region accelerates and guides the flow efficiently by establishing radial pressure equilibrium.

Original languageEnglish
Article number081103
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Volume140
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-08-2018

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Fans
Geometry
Numerical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

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title = "Investigations into the Flow Behavior in a Nonparallel Shrouded Diffuser of a Centrifugal Fan for Augmented Performance",
abstract = "It is a well-known fact that the diffuser of a centrifugal fan plays a vital role in the energy transformation leading to better static pressure rise and efficiency. Many researchers have worked on modified geometry with respect to both impeller and diffuser so as to extract better efficiency of the fan. This paper highlights a unique numerical study on the performance of a centrifugal fan, which has a diffuser having nonparallel shrouds. The shroud geometry is parametrically varied by adopting various convergence ratios (CR) for the nonparallel shrouds encompassing the diffuser passage. It is revealed in the study that there exists an optimal CR for which the performance is improved over the regular parallel shrouded diffuser passage (base model). It is observed from the numerical analysis that for a nonparallel convergent shroud corresponding to a CR of 0.35, a relatively higher head coefficient of 3.6{\%} is obtained when compared to that of the base model. This configuration also yields a higher theoretical efficiency of about 2.1{\%} corroborating the improvement in head coefficient. This study predicts a design prescription for nonparallel diffuser shrouds of a centrifugal fan for augmented performance due to the fact that the converging region accelerates and guides the flow efficiently by establishing radial pressure equilibrium.",
author = "N. Madhwesh and {Vasudeva Karanth}, K. and {Yagnesh Sharma}, N.",
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N2 - It is a well-known fact that the diffuser of a centrifugal fan plays a vital role in the energy transformation leading to better static pressure rise and efficiency. Many researchers have worked on modified geometry with respect to both impeller and diffuser so as to extract better efficiency of the fan. This paper highlights a unique numerical study on the performance of a centrifugal fan, which has a diffuser having nonparallel shrouds. The shroud geometry is parametrically varied by adopting various convergence ratios (CR) for the nonparallel shrouds encompassing the diffuser passage. It is revealed in the study that there exists an optimal CR for which the performance is improved over the regular parallel shrouded diffuser passage (base model). It is observed from the numerical analysis that for a nonparallel convergent shroud corresponding to a CR of 0.35, a relatively higher head coefficient of 3.6% is obtained when compared to that of the base model. This configuration also yields a higher theoretical efficiency of about 2.1% corroborating the improvement in head coefficient. This study predicts a design prescription for nonparallel diffuser shrouds of a centrifugal fan for augmented performance due to the fact that the converging region accelerates and guides the flow efficiently by establishing radial pressure equilibrium.

AB - It is a well-known fact that the diffuser of a centrifugal fan plays a vital role in the energy transformation leading to better static pressure rise and efficiency. Many researchers have worked on modified geometry with respect to both impeller and diffuser so as to extract better efficiency of the fan. This paper highlights a unique numerical study on the performance of a centrifugal fan, which has a diffuser having nonparallel shrouds. The shroud geometry is parametrically varied by adopting various convergence ratios (CR) for the nonparallel shrouds encompassing the diffuser passage. It is revealed in the study that there exists an optimal CR for which the performance is improved over the regular parallel shrouded diffuser passage (base model). It is observed from the numerical analysis that for a nonparallel convergent shroud corresponding to a CR of 0.35, a relatively higher head coefficient of 3.6% is obtained when compared to that of the base model. This configuration also yields a higher theoretical efficiency of about 2.1% corroborating the improvement in head coefficient. This study predicts a design prescription for nonparallel diffuser shrouds of a centrifugal fan for augmented performance due to the fact that the converging region accelerates and guides the flow efficiently by establishing radial pressure equilibrium.

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