Is mechanism and symptom-based analgesia an answer to opioid-induced hyperalgesia?

Mayank Gupta, Priyanka Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

"Cancer Pain" and "Pain in cancer patient" are not synonymous. Opioid-induced Hyperalgesia (OIH) is a paradoxical state of nociceptive sensitization caused by exposure to opioids. Neuropathic pain is only partially responsive to opioids; injudicious increase in dose of opioids in neuropathic pain may not only result in inadequate pain relief but also OIH. Majority of literature on OIH is in non-cancer pain with systemic use of opioids. We describe the development and successful treatment of OIH in a 55-year-old male patient with Small cell Carcinoma Lung. Opioid tapering, rotation, systemic desensitization helps in combatting OIH. The use of anti-neuropathic adjuvant analgesics helps not only in preventing and treating OIH but also in understanding putative mechanisms underlying neuropathic pain and OIH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-84
Number of pages3
JournalIndian Journal of Palliative Care
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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