Knowledge and practice regarding foot care among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at a tertiary care hospital in coastal South India

B. B. Darshan, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Vaman Kulkarni, Rekha Thapar, Prasanna Mithra, Nithin Kumar, Ramesh Holla, Avinash Kumar, Vaishnavi Jatana, Sahiti Kolluru, Vaishali Phogat, Arthi Nambiar, Madhurima Ghosh

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Abstract

Objective: The present study was designed to assess the knowledge and practice among diabetic patients in a tertiary care hospital regarding diabetic foot care. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in government district hospital of Mangalore in the month of January 2014. A pre-designed semistructured questionnaire was used to collect the information pertaining to the knowledge and practices of the diabetic patients regarding foot care. The collected data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences version 11.5. The results obtained were expressed in proportions. Results: A total of 133 subjects were assessed regarding their knowledge and practice regarding diabetic foot care. Around three-fourth (75.2%) of participants had adequate knowledge. More than half (55.5%) of the subjects had adequate practice. No significant association was found between study variables such as gender, socioeconomic status, and education status with awareness regarding diabetic foot care in the present study (p>0.05). Gender, socioeconomic, and educational statuses were found to be significantly associated with diabetic foot care practices. Conclusion: The gap between knowledge and practice regarding self-care among diabetic patients can be bridged by providing continuous health education by the health workers. Foot care should be promoted at all available opportunities whenever the patient comes in contact with the health system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-185
Number of pages4
JournalAsian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Volume8
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2015

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Diabetic Foot
Tertiary Healthcare
Tertiary Care Centers
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Foot
India
Social Class
Educational Status
District Hospitals
Social Sciences
Health
Self Care
Health Education
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Knowledge and practice regarding foot care among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at a tertiary care hospital in coastal South India",
abstract = "Objective: The present study was designed to assess the knowledge and practice among diabetic patients in a tertiary care hospital regarding diabetic foot care. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in government district hospital of Mangalore in the month of January 2014. A pre-designed semistructured questionnaire was used to collect the information pertaining to the knowledge and practices of the diabetic patients regarding foot care. The collected data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences version 11.5. The results obtained were expressed in proportions. Results: A total of 133 subjects were assessed regarding their knowledge and practice regarding diabetic foot care. Around three-fourth (75.2{\%}) of participants had adequate knowledge. More than half (55.5{\%}) of the subjects had adequate practice. No significant association was found between study variables such as gender, socioeconomic status, and education status with awareness regarding diabetic foot care in the present study (p>0.05). Gender, socioeconomic, and educational statuses were found to be significantly associated with diabetic foot care practices. Conclusion: The gap between knowledge and practice regarding self-care among diabetic patients can be bridged by providing continuous health education by the health workers. Foot care should be promoted at all available opportunities whenever the patient comes in contact with the health system.",
author = "Darshan, {B. B.} and Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan and Vaman Kulkarni and Rekha Thapar and Prasanna Mithra and Nithin Kumar and Ramesh Holla and Avinash Kumar and Vaishnavi Jatana and Sahiti Kolluru and Vaishali Phogat and Arthi Nambiar and Madhurima Ghosh",
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T1 - Knowledge and practice regarding foot care among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at a tertiary care hospital in coastal South India

AU - Darshan, B. B.

AU - Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran

AU - Kulkarni, Vaman

AU - Thapar, Rekha

AU - Mithra, Prasanna

AU - Kumar, Nithin

AU - Holla, Ramesh

AU - Kumar, Avinash

AU - Jatana, Vaishnavi

AU - Kolluru, Sahiti

AU - Phogat, Vaishali

AU - Nambiar, Arthi

AU - Ghosh, Madhurima

PY - 2015/9/1

Y1 - 2015/9/1

N2 - Objective: The present study was designed to assess the knowledge and practice among diabetic patients in a tertiary care hospital regarding diabetic foot care. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in government district hospital of Mangalore in the month of January 2014. A pre-designed semistructured questionnaire was used to collect the information pertaining to the knowledge and practices of the diabetic patients regarding foot care. The collected data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences version 11.5. The results obtained were expressed in proportions. Results: A total of 133 subjects were assessed regarding their knowledge and practice regarding diabetic foot care. Around three-fourth (75.2%) of participants had adequate knowledge. More than half (55.5%) of the subjects had adequate practice. No significant association was found between study variables such as gender, socioeconomic status, and education status with awareness regarding diabetic foot care in the present study (p>0.05). Gender, socioeconomic, and educational statuses were found to be significantly associated with diabetic foot care practices. Conclusion: The gap between knowledge and practice regarding self-care among diabetic patients can be bridged by providing continuous health education by the health workers. Foot care should be promoted at all available opportunities whenever the patient comes in contact with the health system.

AB - Objective: The present study was designed to assess the knowledge and practice among diabetic patients in a tertiary care hospital regarding diabetic foot care. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in government district hospital of Mangalore in the month of January 2014. A pre-designed semistructured questionnaire was used to collect the information pertaining to the knowledge and practices of the diabetic patients regarding foot care. The collected data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences version 11.5. The results obtained were expressed in proportions. Results: A total of 133 subjects were assessed regarding their knowledge and practice regarding diabetic foot care. Around three-fourth (75.2%) of participants had adequate knowledge. More than half (55.5%) of the subjects had adequate practice. No significant association was found between study variables such as gender, socioeconomic status, and education status with awareness regarding diabetic foot care in the present study (p>0.05). Gender, socioeconomic, and educational statuses were found to be significantly associated with diabetic foot care practices. Conclusion: The gap between knowledge and practice regarding self-care among diabetic patients can be bridged by providing continuous health education by the health workers. Foot care should be promoted at all available opportunities whenever the patient comes in contact with the health system.

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