Knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with acceptability of human papillomavirus vaccination among undergraduate medical, dental and nursing students in South India

Seemitha Shetty, Sumathi Prabhu, Veena Shetty, Avinash K. Shetty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among undergraduate medical, dental, and nursing students in South India. Methods: Using a post-test study design, a convenience sample of 988 students (age 18–26 years) were surveyed. The primary outcome was vaccine acceptability (likely to intend to receive the vaccine). Bivariate analysis using Chi-Square test of independence and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors associated with vaccine acceptability. Results: Out of 988 students surveyed, majority had heard about cervical cancer (95%), HPV (89.3) or genital warts(77.5). Only 59.7% had heard of HPV vaccine prior to the survey; 65.2% intended to receive the vaccine and 68.3% were willing to recommend the vaccine to others. Participants aged <22 years were less likely to accept the vaccine (OR:0.85, CI:0.76–0.96) compared with participants aged older than 22 years. Medical students (OR:1.12, CI:1.03–1.23), students who reported alcohol use (OR:1.15, CI:1.03–1.29) and those with moderate knowledge scores were more likely to intend to receive the vaccine (OR:1.14, CI:1.04–1.24), compared to others. On multivariate analysis, only course (OR 1.366, CI 1.016–1.835) and attitude score (OR 4.17; CI 2.12–8.2) were statistically associated with intention to receive the HPV vaccine. Conclusion: Two-thirds of students intended to receive the HPV vaccine. Although the overall awareness of the HPV-related disease and prevention is good, considerable knowledge gaps exists in many areas suggesting that that more education about HPV disease and benefits of vaccination should be included in the undergraduate medical school curriculum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1656-1665
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics
Volume15
Issue number7-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-08-2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dental Students
Nursing Students
Medical Students
India
Vaccination
Vaccines
Papillomavirus Vaccines
Students
Condylomata Acuminata
Chi-Square Distribution
Medical Schools
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Curriculum
Multivariate Analysis
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Alcohols
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

@article{d788e2c4e4e243d1ab0e4e33e75cd219,
title = "Knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with acceptability of human papillomavirus vaccination among undergraduate medical, dental and nursing students in South India",
abstract = "Purpose: To evaluate knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among undergraduate medical, dental, and nursing students in South India. Methods: Using a post-test study design, a convenience sample of 988 students (age 18–26 years) were surveyed. The primary outcome was vaccine acceptability (likely to intend to receive the vaccine). Bivariate analysis using Chi-Square test of independence and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors associated with vaccine acceptability. Results: Out of 988 students surveyed, majority had heard about cervical cancer (95{\%}), HPV (89.3) or genital warts(77.5). Only 59.7{\%} had heard of HPV vaccine prior to the survey; 65.2{\%} intended to receive the vaccine and 68.3{\%} were willing to recommend the vaccine to others. Participants aged <22 years were less likely to accept the vaccine (OR:0.85, CI:0.76–0.96) compared with participants aged older than 22 years. Medical students (OR:1.12, CI:1.03–1.23), students who reported alcohol use (OR:1.15, CI:1.03–1.29) and those with moderate knowledge scores were more likely to intend to receive the vaccine (OR:1.14, CI:1.04–1.24), compared to others. On multivariate analysis, only course (OR 1.366, CI 1.016–1.835) and attitude score (OR 4.17; CI 2.12–8.2) were statistically associated with intention to receive the HPV vaccine. Conclusion: Two-thirds of students intended to receive the HPV vaccine. Although the overall awareness of the HPV-related disease and prevention is good, considerable knowledge gaps exists in many areas suggesting that that more education about HPV disease and benefits of vaccination should be included in the undergraduate medical school curriculum.",
author = "Seemitha Shetty and Sumathi Prabhu and Veena Shetty and Shetty, {Avinash K.}",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/21645515.2019.1565260",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "1656--1665",
journal = "Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics",
issn = "2164-5515",
publisher = "Landes Bioscience",
number = "7-8",

}

Knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with acceptability of human papillomavirus vaccination among undergraduate medical, dental and nursing students in South India. / Shetty, Seemitha; Prabhu, Sumathi; Shetty, Veena; Shetty, Avinash K.

In: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics, Vol. 15, No. 7-8, 03.08.2019, p. 1656-1665.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with acceptability of human papillomavirus vaccination among undergraduate medical, dental and nursing students in South India

AU - Shetty, Seemitha

AU - Prabhu, Sumathi

AU - Shetty, Veena

AU - Shetty, Avinash K.

PY - 2019/8/3

Y1 - 2019/8/3

N2 - Purpose: To evaluate knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among undergraduate medical, dental, and nursing students in South India. Methods: Using a post-test study design, a convenience sample of 988 students (age 18–26 years) were surveyed. The primary outcome was vaccine acceptability (likely to intend to receive the vaccine). Bivariate analysis using Chi-Square test of independence and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors associated with vaccine acceptability. Results: Out of 988 students surveyed, majority had heard about cervical cancer (95%), HPV (89.3) or genital warts(77.5). Only 59.7% had heard of HPV vaccine prior to the survey; 65.2% intended to receive the vaccine and 68.3% were willing to recommend the vaccine to others. Participants aged <22 years were less likely to accept the vaccine (OR:0.85, CI:0.76–0.96) compared with participants aged older than 22 years. Medical students (OR:1.12, CI:1.03–1.23), students who reported alcohol use (OR:1.15, CI:1.03–1.29) and those with moderate knowledge scores were more likely to intend to receive the vaccine (OR:1.14, CI:1.04–1.24), compared to others. On multivariate analysis, only course (OR 1.366, CI 1.016–1.835) and attitude score (OR 4.17; CI 2.12–8.2) were statistically associated with intention to receive the HPV vaccine. Conclusion: Two-thirds of students intended to receive the HPV vaccine. Although the overall awareness of the HPV-related disease and prevention is good, considerable knowledge gaps exists in many areas suggesting that that more education about HPV disease and benefits of vaccination should be included in the undergraduate medical school curriculum.

AB - Purpose: To evaluate knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among undergraduate medical, dental, and nursing students in South India. Methods: Using a post-test study design, a convenience sample of 988 students (age 18–26 years) were surveyed. The primary outcome was vaccine acceptability (likely to intend to receive the vaccine). Bivariate analysis using Chi-Square test of independence and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors associated with vaccine acceptability. Results: Out of 988 students surveyed, majority had heard about cervical cancer (95%), HPV (89.3) or genital warts(77.5). Only 59.7% had heard of HPV vaccine prior to the survey; 65.2% intended to receive the vaccine and 68.3% were willing to recommend the vaccine to others. Participants aged <22 years were less likely to accept the vaccine (OR:0.85, CI:0.76–0.96) compared with participants aged older than 22 years. Medical students (OR:1.12, CI:1.03–1.23), students who reported alcohol use (OR:1.15, CI:1.03–1.29) and those with moderate knowledge scores were more likely to intend to receive the vaccine (OR:1.14, CI:1.04–1.24), compared to others. On multivariate analysis, only course (OR 1.366, CI 1.016–1.835) and attitude score (OR 4.17; CI 2.12–8.2) were statistically associated with intention to receive the HPV vaccine. Conclusion: Two-thirds of students intended to receive the HPV vaccine. Although the overall awareness of the HPV-related disease and prevention is good, considerable knowledge gaps exists in many areas suggesting that that more education about HPV disease and benefits of vaccination should be included in the undergraduate medical school curriculum.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070078181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85070078181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/21645515.2019.1565260

DO - 10.1080/21645515.2019.1565260

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85070078181

VL - 15

SP - 1656

EP - 1665

JO - Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics

JF - Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics

SN - 2164-5515

IS - 7-8

ER -