Laboratory diagnosis of HIV infection: An update

T. S. Bastian, Denny E. Ceena, Shikha Shrivastava, Manish Saxena

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The number of HIV infected cases is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate. Although public education has been initiated for awareness and behavioural modification for this devastating infection, better diagnostic methods are needed to identify infected persons and manage infection. Simple and more accurate diagnostic tools have become available, particularly for early detection and to monitor treatment in those who receive anti-retroviral treatment. In this short review, we summarize some of the common and new methodologies that can be used in clinical laboratories, in the field, or in private laboratories. These range from simple antibody tests to more sophisticated methods that are used to monitor disease progression and identify drug resistance. These tools can assist physicians, medical practitioners, and laboratory personnel to select suitable diagnostic tools for the diagnosis, blood screening, monitoring of disease progression, and for detection of drug resistance to anti-retroviral therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-14
Number of pages4
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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