Biotinidase deficiency (BD) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by bi-allelic mutation in the BTD gene. Clinical manifestations in BD mainly depends on residual biotinidase enzyme activity, although there are some exceptions. Broadly BD disorders are classified as profound BD and partial BD. Further profound BD can be early onset, late onset, and sometimes may be asymptomatic. Clinically late-onset profound BD can present with spectrum of manifestations ranging from single organ to multiple organ involvement, typically affecting function of brain, eye, ear, and skin. Here, a first-born child to consanguineous parents with late-onset profound BD presenting with hyperventilation secondary to lactic acidosis, hypotonia, evolving spasticity, and abnormal neuroimaging findings caused by novel homozygous variant, c.466-3T>G in the BTD gene is reported.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health