LiClO4 doped cellulose acetate as biodegradable polymer electrolyte for supercapacitors

M. Selvakumar, D. Krishna Bhat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The possibility of producing a biodegradable polymer electrolyte based on cellulose acetate (CA) with varied concentration of LiClO4 for use in supercapacitors has been investigated. The successful doping of the CA films has been analyzed by FTIR and DSC measurements of the LiClO4 doped CA films. The ionic conductivity of the films increased with increase in salt content and the maximum ionic conductivity obtained for the solid polymer electrolyte at room temperature was 4.9 × 10-3 Ω-1for CA with 16% LiClO4. The biodegradation of the solid polymer electrolyte films have been tested by soil burial, degradation in activated sludge, and degradation in buffer medium methods. The extent of biodegradation in the films has been measured by AC Impedance spectroscopy and weight loss calculations. The study indicated sufficient biodegradability of the materials. A p/p poly-pyrrole supercapacitor has been fabricated and its electro-chemical characteristics and performance have been studied. The supercapacitor showed a fairly good specific capacitance of 90 F g-1 and a time constant of 1 s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-602
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume110
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05-10-2008

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Biodegradable polymers
Electrolytes
Cellulose
Ionic conductivity
Biodegradation
Polymers
Degradation
Pyrroles
Biodegradability
Buffers
Capacitance
Salts
Doping (additives)
acetylcellulose
Supercapacitor
lithium perchlorate
Spectroscopy
Soils
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The possibility of producing a biodegradable polymer electrolyte based on cellulose acetate (CA) with varied concentration of LiClO4 for use in supercapacitors has been investigated. The successful doping of the CA films has been analyzed by FTIR and DSC measurements of the LiClO4 doped CA films. The ionic conductivity of the films increased with increase in salt content and the maximum ionic conductivity obtained for the solid polymer electrolyte at room temperature was 4.9 × 10-3 Ω-1for CA with 16{\%} LiClO4. The biodegradation of the solid polymer electrolyte films have been tested by soil burial, degradation in activated sludge, and degradation in buffer medium methods. The extent of biodegradation in the films has been measured by AC Impedance spectroscopy and weight loss calculations. The study indicated sufficient biodegradability of the materials. A p/p poly-pyrrole supercapacitor has been fabricated and its electro-chemical characteristics and performance have been studied. The supercapacitor showed a fairly good specific capacitance of 90 F g-1 and a time constant of 1 s.",
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LiClO4 doped cellulose acetate as biodegradable polymer electrolyte for supercapacitors. / Selvakumar, M.; Krishna Bhat, D.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 110, No. 1, 05.10.2008, p. 594-602.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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