Lithium perchlorate doped plasticized chitosan and starch blend as biodegradable polymer electrolyte for supercapacitors

Y. N. Sudhakar, M. Selvakumar

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70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biodegradable polymer electrolyte comprising the blend of chitosan (CS) and starch, plasticized with glycerol, as host polymer and lithium perchlorate (LiClO 4) as a dopant is prepared by solution casting technique. The variation of conductivity has been investigated as a function of polymer blend ratio, plasticizer content, and LiClO 4 concentration at temperature range of 298-343 K using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The maximum conductivity is found to be 3.7 × 10 -4 S cm -1 at room temperature for 60:40 (CS/starch) concentration. The dielectric properties of the electrolyte film exhibit a long tail feature indicating good capacitance. The activation energy of all samples is evaluated using the Arrhenius plot and it is found to be 0.52-0.75 eV. The DSC thermogram peaks for CS-starch blends decreases with increase in the LiClO 4 content. A carbon-carbon supercapacitor is fabricated using suitable blend electrolyte ratio and its electrochemical characteristics are discussed at various temperatures and current density. This supercapacitor shows a fairly good specific capacitance of 133 Fg -1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-405
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume78
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2012

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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