Magnetic resonance imaging in acute cervical spinal cord injury

A correlative study on spinal cord changes and 1 month motor recovery

N. S. Mahmood, R. Kadavigere, A. K. Ramesh, V. R. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Design: Retrospective study. Objectives: We aimed to correlate the spinal cord changes as depicted by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the neurological deficit and motor recovery of patients with acute cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting: A total of 57 patients with acute cervical spine trauma who presented to the Department of Radio Diagnosis, Kasturba Medical College Manipal, Karnataka, India, over a period of 5 years (August 2002 to September 2007) were studied. Methods: The pattern and extent of spinal cord changes on MRI were compared with the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grade, motor index score (MIS) and the total number of useful muscles in the extremities on admission (ADM) and follow-up. The differences in the recovery rates (RR) among patients with cord edema (EDE), contusion and hemorrhage (HGE) were tested statistically. Results: Spinal cord edema was associated with a better neurological outcome than contusion or hemorrhage, and its overall length showed a negative correlation with the recovery rate (P=0.001). Conclusion: MRI is invaluable in evaluating cervical SCI. Cord edema is associated with a better neurological outcome when compared with cord contusion or hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-797
Number of pages7
JournalSpinal Cord
Volume46
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2008

Fingerprint

Contusions
Spinal Cord Injuries
Edema
Spinal Cord
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Hemorrhage
Radio
India
Spine
Extremities
Retrospective Studies
Muscles
Wounds and Injuries
Cervical Cord

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

@article{404bf361430c41049c409dc22689e0ce,
title = "Magnetic resonance imaging in acute cervical spinal cord injury: A correlative study on spinal cord changes and 1 month motor recovery",
abstract = "Study Design: Retrospective study. Objectives: We aimed to correlate the spinal cord changes as depicted by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the neurological deficit and motor recovery of patients with acute cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting: A total of 57 patients with acute cervical spine trauma who presented to the Department of Radio Diagnosis, Kasturba Medical College Manipal, Karnataka, India, over a period of 5 years (August 2002 to September 2007) were studied. Methods: The pattern and extent of spinal cord changes on MRI were compared with the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grade, motor index score (MIS) and the total number of useful muscles in the extremities on admission (ADM) and follow-up. The differences in the recovery rates (RR) among patients with cord edema (EDE), contusion and hemorrhage (HGE) were tested statistically. Results: Spinal cord edema was associated with a better neurological outcome than contusion or hemorrhage, and its overall length showed a negative correlation with the recovery rate (P=0.001). Conclusion: MRI is invaluable in evaluating cervical SCI. Cord edema is associated with a better neurological outcome when compared with cord contusion or hemorrhage.",
author = "Mahmood, {N. S.} and R. Kadavigere and Ramesh, {A. K.} and Rao, {V. R.}",
year = "2008",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/sc.2008.55",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "791--797",
journal = "Spinal Cord",
issn = "1362-4393",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "12",

}

Magnetic resonance imaging in acute cervical spinal cord injury : A correlative study on spinal cord changes and 1 month motor recovery. / Mahmood, N. S.; Kadavigere, R.; Ramesh, A. K.; Rao, V. R.

In: Spinal Cord, Vol. 46, No. 12, 01.12.2008, p. 791-797.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Magnetic resonance imaging in acute cervical spinal cord injury

T2 - A correlative study on spinal cord changes and 1 month motor recovery

AU - Mahmood, N. S.

AU - Kadavigere, R.

AU - Ramesh, A. K.

AU - Rao, V. R.

PY - 2008/12/1

Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - Study Design: Retrospective study. Objectives: We aimed to correlate the spinal cord changes as depicted by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the neurological deficit and motor recovery of patients with acute cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting: A total of 57 patients with acute cervical spine trauma who presented to the Department of Radio Diagnosis, Kasturba Medical College Manipal, Karnataka, India, over a period of 5 years (August 2002 to September 2007) were studied. Methods: The pattern and extent of spinal cord changes on MRI were compared with the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grade, motor index score (MIS) and the total number of useful muscles in the extremities on admission (ADM) and follow-up. The differences in the recovery rates (RR) among patients with cord edema (EDE), contusion and hemorrhage (HGE) were tested statistically. Results: Spinal cord edema was associated with a better neurological outcome than contusion or hemorrhage, and its overall length showed a negative correlation with the recovery rate (P=0.001). Conclusion: MRI is invaluable in evaluating cervical SCI. Cord edema is associated with a better neurological outcome when compared with cord contusion or hemorrhage.

AB - Study Design: Retrospective study. Objectives: We aimed to correlate the spinal cord changes as depicted by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the neurological deficit and motor recovery of patients with acute cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting: A total of 57 patients with acute cervical spine trauma who presented to the Department of Radio Diagnosis, Kasturba Medical College Manipal, Karnataka, India, over a period of 5 years (August 2002 to September 2007) were studied. Methods: The pattern and extent of spinal cord changes on MRI were compared with the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grade, motor index score (MIS) and the total number of useful muscles in the extremities on admission (ADM) and follow-up. The differences in the recovery rates (RR) among patients with cord edema (EDE), contusion and hemorrhage (HGE) were tested statistically. Results: Spinal cord edema was associated with a better neurological outcome than contusion or hemorrhage, and its overall length showed a negative correlation with the recovery rate (P=0.001). Conclusion: MRI is invaluable in evaluating cervical SCI. Cord edema is associated with a better neurological outcome when compared with cord contusion or hemorrhage.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=57349181884&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=57349181884&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/sc.2008.55

DO - 10.1038/sc.2008.55

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 791

EP - 797

JO - Spinal Cord

JF - Spinal Cord

SN - 1362-4393

IS - 12

ER -