Magnetotransport, thermoelectric power, thermal conductivity and specific heat of Pr2/3 Sr1/3 MnO3 manganite

Neeraj Panwar, Ashok Rao, R. S. Singh, W. K. Syu, N. Kaurav, Y. K. Kuo, S. K. Agarwal

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Abstract

Magnetotransport and thermal studies of Pr2/3 Sr1/3 MnO3 polycrystalline sintered bulk sample are reported here. The resistivity ρ (T) and thermoelectric power S (T) data show an insulator to metal (I-M) phase transition at TP ≈294 K and TS ≈290 K, respectively. Magnetization measurement confirms that the sample undergoes a transition from paramagnetic to ferromagnetic phase at a defined Curie temperature TC =280 K. A substantial increase in magnetoresistance from 2.5% at 280 K to 5% at 77 K has been noticed in a low magnetic field 0.15 T. Small polaron hopping model is found to be operative above the transition temperature TP, whereas electron-electron and electron-magnon scattering processes govern the low temperature metallic behavior. A detailed analysis of thermoelectric power in the ferromagnetic regime suggests that the complicated temperature dependence of S may be understood on the basis of electron-magnon scattering. A transition from decreasing high temperature thermal conductivity (due to local anharmonic distortions associated with small polarons), to an increasing thermal conductivity (due to decreasing of phonon-phonon scattering) and thereafter a peak at ∼100 K (signifying a crossover from Umklapp to defect-limited scattering) have also been noticed. Specific heat measurements depict a pronounced anomaly near the TC, indicating the magnetic ordering and magnetic inhomogeneity in the sample.

Original languageEnglish
Article number083906
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume104
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-11-2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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