Abstract

The present study demonstrates the possibility of increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation in both maternal and fetal erythrocytes as markers of oxygen radical activity during intrauterine growth retardation. The erythrocyte MDA levels were significantly elevated in mothers of IUGR babies when compared to controls (p<0.01). The endogenous protein damage due to oxidative stress was significantly higher in IUGR mothers when compared to controls (p<0.05). Similarly the proteolytic activity in erythrocyte lysates against oxidatively damaged hemoglobin was significantly increased in mothers of IUGR babies compared to controls (p<0.001). In fetuses born with IUGR, both lipid peroxidation and proteolytic activity were significantly increased when compared to normal newborns (p<0.01). The result of this study indicates that oxidative stress was induced both in IUGR babies and their mothers which is manifested as increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidant damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-115
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20-03-2006

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Oxidative stress
Fetal Growth Retardation
Oxidative Stress
Mothers
Lipid Peroxidation
Erythrocytes
Lipids
Proteins
Oxidants
Reactive Oxygen Species
Hemoglobins
Fetus
Oxidation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Maternal and fetal indicators of oxidative stress during intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)",
abstract = "The present study demonstrates the possibility of increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation in both maternal and fetal erythrocytes as markers of oxygen radical activity during intrauterine growth retardation. The erythrocyte MDA levels were significantly elevated in mothers of IUGR babies when compared to controls (p<0.01). The endogenous protein damage due to oxidative stress was significantly higher in IUGR mothers when compared to controls (p<0.05). Similarly the proteolytic activity in erythrocyte lysates against oxidatively damaged hemoglobin was significantly increased in mothers of IUGR babies compared to controls (p<0.001). In fetuses born with IUGR, both lipid peroxidation and proteolytic activity were significantly increased when compared to normal newborns (p<0.01). The result of this study indicates that oxidative stress was induced both in IUGR babies and their mothers which is manifested as increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidant damage.",
author = "Ullas Kamath and Guruprasad Rao and Kamath, {Shobha U.} and Lavanya Rai",
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T1 - Maternal and fetal indicators of oxidative stress during intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)

AU - Kamath, Ullas

AU - Rao, Guruprasad

AU - Kamath, Shobha U.

AU - Rai, Lavanya

PY - 2006/3/20

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N2 - The present study demonstrates the possibility of increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation in both maternal and fetal erythrocytes as markers of oxygen radical activity during intrauterine growth retardation. The erythrocyte MDA levels were significantly elevated in mothers of IUGR babies when compared to controls (p<0.01). The endogenous protein damage due to oxidative stress was significantly higher in IUGR mothers when compared to controls (p<0.05). Similarly the proteolytic activity in erythrocyte lysates against oxidatively damaged hemoglobin was significantly increased in mothers of IUGR babies compared to controls (p<0.001). In fetuses born with IUGR, both lipid peroxidation and proteolytic activity were significantly increased when compared to normal newborns (p<0.01). The result of this study indicates that oxidative stress was induced both in IUGR babies and their mothers which is manifested as increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidant damage.

AB - The present study demonstrates the possibility of increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation in both maternal and fetal erythrocytes as markers of oxygen radical activity during intrauterine growth retardation. The erythrocyte MDA levels were significantly elevated in mothers of IUGR babies when compared to controls (p<0.01). The endogenous protein damage due to oxidative stress was significantly higher in IUGR mothers when compared to controls (p<0.05). Similarly the proteolytic activity in erythrocyte lysates against oxidatively damaged hemoglobin was significantly increased in mothers of IUGR babies compared to controls (p<0.001). In fetuses born with IUGR, both lipid peroxidation and proteolytic activity were significantly increased when compared to normal newborns (p<0.01). The result of this study indicates that oxidative stress was induced both in IUGR babies and their mothers which is manifested as increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidant damage.

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