Measurement and covariance analysis of reaction cross sections for 58Ni(n,p)58Co relative to cross section for formation of 97Zr fission product in neutron-induced fission of 232Th and 238U at effective neutron energies En = 5.89, 10.11, and 15.87 MeV

B. S. Shivashankar, Srinivasan Ganesan, H. Naik, S. V. Suryanarayana, N. Sreekumaran Nair, K. Manjunatha Prasad

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Abstract

The 58Ni(n,p)58Co reaction cross sections have been measured relative to two monitors: The cross sections for the formation of the 97Zr fission product in neutron-induced fission of (a) 232Th and of(b) 238U. It is demonstrated how to generate and combine covariance matrices (using partial uncertainties and microcorrelations) in relative measurements at various stages like efficiency calibration of the high-purity germanium detector, using the ratio of58Ni(n,p)58Co reaction cross section relative to monitor cross section, and in the process of normalization. We further illustrate the weighted averaging of equivalent data as applicable in relative measurements. We provide the necessary data and the corresponding table of partial uncertainties as required for compilation in the EXchange-FORmat (EXFOR) database. This helps, in principle, anyone to generate and verify the steps in the calculation of the covariance matrices in the present work. We believe that it is important for all nuclear experimental scientists to incorporate a detailed data reduction procedure, reduced data, and partial uncertainties in their publications, to the extent possible, which will be very useful in EXFOR compilation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-433
Number of pages11
JournalNuclear Science and Engineering
Volume179
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2015

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Fission products
Neutrons
Covariance matrix
Germanium
Data reduction
Calibration
Detectors
Uncertainty

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Measurement and covariance analysis of reaction cross sections for 58Ni(n,p)58Co relative to cross section for formation of 97Zr fission product in neutron-induced fission of 232Th and 238U at effective neutron energies En = 5.89, 10.11, and 15.87 MeV",
abstract = "The 58Ni(n,p)58Co reaction cross sections have been measured relative to two monitors: The cross sections for the formation of the 97Zr fission product in neutron-induced fission of (a) 232Th and of(b) 238U. It is demonstrated how to generate and combine covariance matrices (using partial uncertainties and microcorrelations) in relative measurements at various stages like efficiency calibration of the high-purity germanium detector, using the ratio of58Ni(n,p)58Co reaction cross section relative to monitor cross section, and in the process of normalization. We further illustrate the weighted averaging of equivalent data as applicable in relative measurements. We provide the necessary data and the corresponding table of partial uncertainties as required for compilation in the EXchange-FORmat (EXFOR) database. This helps, in principle, anyone to generate and verify the steps in the calculation of the covariance matrices in the present work. We believe that it is important for all nuclear experimental scientists to incorporate a detailed data reduction procedure, reduced data, and partial uncertainties in their publications, to the extent possible, which will be very useful in EXFOR compilation.",
author = "Shivashankar, {B. S.} and Srinivasan Ganesan and H. Naik and Suryanarayana, {S. V.} and {Sreekumaran Nair}, N. and {Manjunatha Prasad}, K.",
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T1 - Measurement and covariance analysis of reaction cross sections for 58Ni(n,p)58Co relative to cross section for formation of 97Zr fission product in neutron-induced fission of 232Th and 238U at effective neutron energies En = 5.89, 10.11, and 15.87 MeV

AU - Shivashankar, B. S.

AU - Ganesan, Srinivasan

AU - Naik, H.

AU - Suryanarayana, S. V.

AU - Sreekumaran Nair, N.

AU - Manjunatha Prasad, K.

PY - 2015/4/1

Y1 - 2015/4/1

N2 - The 58Ni(n,p)58Co reaction cross sections have been measured relative to two monitors: The cross sections for the formation of the 97Zr fission product in neutron-induced fission of (a) 232Th and of(b) 238U. It is demonstrated how to generate and combine covariance matrices (using partial uncertainties and microcorrelations) in relative measurements at various stages like efficiency calibration of the high-purity germanium detector, using the ratio of58Ni(n,p)58Co reaction cross section relative to monitor cross section, and in the process of normalization. We further illustrate the weighted averaging of equivalent data as applicable in relative measurements. We provide the necessary data and the corresponding table of partial uncertainties as required for compilation in the EXchange-FORmat (EXFOR) database. This helps, in principle, anyone to generate and verify the steps in the calculation of the covariance matrices in the present work. We believe that it is important for all nuclear experimental scientists to incorporate a detailed data reduction procedure, reduced data, and partial uncertainties in their publications, to the extent possible, which will be very useful in EXFOR compilation.

AB - The 58Ni(n,p)58Co reaction cross sections have been measured relative to two monitors: The cross sections for the formation of the 97Zr fission product in neutron-induced fission of (a) 232Th and of(b) 238U. It is demonstrated how to generate and combine covariance matrices (using partial uncertainties and microcorrelations) in relative measurements at various stages like efficiency calibration of the high-purity germanium detector, using the ratio of58Ni(n,p)58Co reaction cross section relative to monitor cross section, and in the process of normalization. We further illustrate the weighted averaging of equivalent data as applicable in relative measurements. We provide the necessary data and the corresponding table of partial uncertainties as required for compilation in the EXchange-FORmat (EXFOR) database. This helps, in principle, anyone to generate and verify the steps in the calculation of the covariance matrices in the present work. We believe that it is important for all nuclear experimental scientists to incorporate a detailed data reduction procedure, reduced data, and partial uncertainties in their publications, to the extent possible, which will be very useful in EXFOR compilation.

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