Purpose: Automated measurement of the size and shape of colon polyps is one of the challenges in Computed tomography colonography (CTC). The objective of this retrospective study was to improve the sensitivity and specificity of smaller polyp measurement in CTC using image processing techniques. Methods: A domain knowledge-based method has been implemented with hybrid method of colon segmentation, morphological image processing operators for detecting the colonic structures, and the decision-making system for delineating the smaller polyp-based on a priori knowledge. Results: The method was applied on 45 CTC dataset. The key finding was that the smaller polyps were accurately measured. In addition to 6–9 mm range, polyps of even <5 mm were also detected. The results were validated qualitatively and quantitatively using both 2D MPR and 3D view. Implementation was done on a high-performance computer with parallel processing. It takes ∼ 4 min for measuring the smaller polyp in a dataset of 500 CTC images. With this method, TPR=87.5%,TNR=82%,PPV=94.45%,NPV=64.28%,F1score=90.66% and acuracy= 86.27 % were achieved. Conclusions: The domain-based approach with morphological image processing has given good results. The smaller polyps were measured accurately which helps in making right clinical decisions. Qualitatively and quantitatively the results were acceptable when compared to the ground truth at α= 5 %.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 01-11-2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Health Informatics