Nerve restoration and repair in the central nervous system is complicated and requires several factors to be considered while designing the scaffolds like being bioactive as well as having neuroinductive, neuroconductive and antioxidant properties. Aligned electrospun nanofibers provide necessary guidance and topographical cues required for directing the axonal and neurite outgrowth during regeneration. Conduction of nerve impulses is a mandatory feature of a typical nerve. The neuro-conductive property can be imparted by blending the biodegradable, bioactive polymers with conductive polymers. This will provide additional features, i.e., electrical cues to the already existing topographical and bioactive cues in order to make it a more multifaceted neuroregenerative approach. Hence in the present study, we used a combination of silk fibroin and melanin for the fabrication of random and aligned electrospun nanofibrous composite scaffolds. We performed the physico-chemical characterization and also assessed their antioxidant properties. We also evaluated their neurogenic potential using human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) for their cellular viability, proliferation, adhesion and differentiation levels. Designed nanofibrous scaffolds had adequate physical properties suitable as neural substrates to promote neuronal growth and regeneration. They stimulated the neuroblastoma cell attachment and viability indicating their biocompatible nature. Silk/melanin composite scaffolds have specifically exhibited high antioxidant nature proven by the radical scavenging activity. Additionally, the melanin incorporated aligned silk fibroin scaffolds promoted the cell differentiation into neurons and orientation along their axis. Our results confirmed the potential of melanin incorporated aligned silk fibroin scaffolds as the promising candidates for effective nerve regeneration and recovery.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering