Microbiology of Non-Tunnelled Catheter-Related Infections

Shefali Gupta, Shrikara P Mallya, Ashok Bhat, Shrikala Baliga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Aerobic bacterial infections often complicate vascular access in patients receiving haemodialysis, leading to Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections (CRBSI). Various studies report Gram - positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in particular, as the most common aetiologic agent. Studies on microbiological analysis in this subset of population from India are very few.

AIM: To examine clinical and bacteriological profiles of haemodialysis patients developing CRBSI, the antibiotic susceptibility of the bacteria isolated from these patients and determine nasal carriage of S. aureus in the study subjects.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a prospective observational design 127 patients receiving haemodialysis (84 males; 43 females) from October 2011 to March 2013 were enrolled in this study. At each dialysis session, catheters were examined for any evidence of infection. In case of suspicion for infection, pus swab, blood culture and the catheter tips were sent to microbiology laboratory for site specific investigations. Vancomycin injection was empirically administered to these patients pending culture results. Data obtained was examined for relationship of CRBSI with clinical and socio-demographic risk factors.

RESULTS: Out of 127 patients, 19 developed CRBSI, 10 developed exit-site infections and 33 patients were noted to have colonization of their catheters. The most common organisms included S. aureus in 24 (45.2%) catheter tips, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 9 (17%), Acinetobacter spp. in 5 (9%), Enterobacter spp. in 4 (7.5%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae in 3 (5.6%) catheter tips. Bacteraemia was found in 19 (20.7%) patients and P. aeruginosa was the most commonly isolated organism amongst them (38.8%). Staphylococcal nasal carriage was seen in 60 (69%) patients and 36 (41.4%) of these isolates were methicillin-resistant. Significant factors associated with CRBSI included history of bacteraemia, presence of diabetes mellitus, long duration (>15 days) of catheterization and antibiotic use within three months (p<0.05 for all).

CONCLUSION: Although S. aureus was the most common colonizer of non-tunnelled central access catheters among haemodialysis patients, CRBSI was most frequently caused by P. aeruginosa, which may have a bearing on our current antibiotic policy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)DC24-8
JournalJournal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-2016

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Microbiology
Catheter-Related Infections
Catheters
Blood
Infection
Renal Dialysis
Staphylococcus aureus
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Bacteremia
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Nose
Bacteria
Enterobacter
Methicillin Resistance
Acinetobacter
Methicillin
Dialysis
Suppuration
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Gram-Positive Bacteria

Cite this

Gupta, Shefali ; Mallya, Shrikara P ; Bhat, Ashok ; Baliga, Shrikala. / Microbiology of Non-Tunnelled Catheter-Related Infections. In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2016 ; Vol. 10, No. 7. pp. DC24-8.
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abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Aerobic bacterial infections often complicate vascular access in patients receiving haemodialysis, leading to Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections (CRBSI). Various studies report Gram - positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in particular, as the most common aetiologic agent. Studies on microbiological analysis in this subset of population from India are very few.AIM: To examine clinical and bacteriological profiles of haemodialysis patients developing CRBSI, the antibiotic susceptibility of the bacteria isolated from these patients and determine nasal carriage of S. aureus in the study subjects.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a prospective observational design 127 patients receiving haemodialysis (84 males; 43 females) from October 2011 to March 2013 were enrolled in this study. At each dialysis session, catheters were examined for any evidence of infection. In case of suspicion for infection, pus swab, blood culture and the catheter tips were sent to microbiology laboratory for site specific investigations. Vancomycin injection was empirically administered to these patients pending culture results. Data obtained was examined for relationship of CRBSI with clinical and socio-demographic risk factors.RESULTS: Out of 127 patients, 19 developed CRBSI, 10 developed exit-site infections and 33 patients were noted to have colonization of their catheters. The most common organisms included S. aureus in 24 (45.2{\%}) catheter tips, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 9 (17{\%}), Acinetobacter spp. in 5 (9{\%}), Enterobacter spp. in 4 (7.5{\%}) and Klebsiella pneumoniae in 3 (5.6{\%}) catheter tips. Bacteraemia was found in 19 (20.7{\%}) patients and P. aeruginosa was the most commonly isolated organism amongst them (38.8{\%}). Staphylococcal nasal carriage was seen in 60 (69{\%}) patients and 36 (41.4{\%}) of these isolates were methicillin-resistant. Significant factors associated with CRBSI included history of bacteraemia, presence of diabetes mellitus, long duration (>15 days) of catheterization and antibiotic use within three months (p<0.05 for all).CONCLUSION: Although S. aureus was the most common colonizer of non-tunnelled central access catheters among haemodialysis patients, CRBSI was most frequently caused by P. aeruginosa, which may have a bearing on our current antibiotic policy.",
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Microbiology of Non-Tunnelled Catheter-Related Infections. / Gupta, Shefali; Mallya, Shrikara P; Bhat, Ashok; Baliga, Shrikala.

In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, Vol. 10, No. 7, 07.2016, p. DC24-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microbiology of Non-Tunnelled Catheter-Related Infections

AU - Gupta, Shefali

AU - Mallya, Shrikara P

AU - Bhat, Ashok

AU - Baliga, Shrikala

PY - 2016/7

Y1 - 2016/7

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Aerobic bacterial infections often complicate vascular access in patients receiving haemodialysis, leading to Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections (CRBSI). Various studies report Gram - positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in particular, as the most common aetiologic agent. Studies on microbiological analysis in this subset of population from India are very few.AIM: To examine clinical and bacteriological profiles of haemodialysis patients developing CRBSI, the antibiotic susceptibility of the bacteria isolated from these patients and determine nasal carriage of S. aureus in the study subjects.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a prospective observational design 127 patients receiving haemodialysis (84 males; 43 females) from October 2011 to March 2013 were enrolled in this study. At each dialysis session, catheters were examined for any evidence of infection. In case of suspicion for infection, pus swab, blood culture and the catheter tips were sent to microbiology laboratory for site specific investigations. Vancomycin injection was empirically administered to these patients pending culture results. Data obtained was examined for relationship of CRBSI with clinical and socio-demographic risk factors.RESULTS: Out of 127 patients, 19 developed CRBSI, 10 developed exit-site infections and 33 patients were noted to have colonization of their catheters. The most common organisms included S. aureus in 24 (45.2%) catheter tips, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 9 (17%), Acinetobacter spp. in 5 (9%), Enterobacter spp. in 4 (7.5%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae in 3 (5.6%) catheter tips. Bacteraemia was found in 19 (20.7%) patients and P. aeruginosa was the most commonly isolated organism amongst them (38.8%). Staphylococcal nasal carriage was seen in 60 (69%) patients and 36 (41.4%) of these isolates were methicillin-resistant. Significant factors associated with CRBSI included history of bacteraemia, presence of diabetes mellitus, long duration (>15 days) of catheterization and antibiotic use within three months (p<0.05 for all).CONCLUSION: Although S. aureus was the most common colonizer of non-tunnelled central access catheters among haemodialysis patients, CRBSI was most frequently caused by P. aeruginosa, which may have a bearing on our current antibiotic policy.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Aerobic bacterial infections often complicate vascular access in patients receiving haemodialysis, leading to Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections (CRBSI). Various studies report Gram - positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in particular, as the most common aetiologic agent. Studies on microbiological analysis in this subset of population from India are very few.AIM: To examine clinical and bacteriological profiles of haemodialysis patients developing CRBSI, the antibiotic susceptibility of the bacteria isolated from these patients and determine nasal carriage of S. aureus in the study subjects.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a prospective observational design 127 patients receiving haemodialysis (84 males; 43 females) from October 2011 to March 2013 were enrolled in this study. At each dialysis session, catheters were examined for any evidence of infection. In case of suspicion for infection, pus swab, blood culture and the catheter tips were sent to microbiology laboratory for site specific investigations. Vancomycin injection was empirically administered to these patients pending culture results. Data obtained was examined for relationship of CRBSI with clinical and socio-demographic risk factors.RESULTS: Out of 127 patients, 19 developed CRBSI, 10 developed exit-site infections and 33 patients were noted to have colonization of their catheters. The most common organisms included S. aureus in 24 (45.2%) catheter tips, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 9 (17%), Acinetobacter spp. in 5 (9%), Enterobacter spp. in 4 (7.5%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae in 3 (5.6%) catheter tips. Bacteraemia was found in 19 (20.7%) patients and P. aeruginosa was the most commonly isolated organism amongst them (38.8%). Staphylococcal nasal carriage was seen in 60 (69%) patients and 36 (41.4%) of these isolates were methicillin-resistant. Significant factors associated with CRBSI included history of bacteraemia, presence of diabetes mellitus, long duration (>15 days) of catheterization and antibiotic use within three months (p<0.05 for all).CONCLUSION: Although S. aureus was the most common colonizer of non-tunnelled central access catheters among haemodialysis patients, CRBSI was most frequently caused by P. aeruginosa, which may have a bearing on our current antibiotic policy.

U2 - 10.7860/JCDR/2016/19058.8155

DO - 10.7860/JCDR/2016/19058.8155

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C2 - 27630843

VL - 10

SP - DC24-8

JO - Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

JF - Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

SN - 2249-782X

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