The healthcare system in India has been progressive with the specific health policies evolved over a period of time. Currently, it is in a phase of incorporating mobile technology into healthcare service delivery (i.e., mobile health) to make it a patient-centric model for managing acute, chronic, and preventive health conditions. This provides authentic interactions between the patient/user and the healthcare professionals for seeking health communication and information during emergencies and disaster conditions. However, there exists a great challenge in integrating mobile health solutions within the existing system and acceptance among the individuals, as the patient data is primarily collected through sensors and while the interventions are connected electronically. With this aim, the present research by using qualitative interviews (among residents and technology entrepreneurs) attempts to propose a provenance framework for the mobile health system in India. It also highlights its strengths and weakness and delineates components identified from qualitative interviews for describing the proposed provenance framework.