Modelling and Simulation Study of Glucose Insulin Control in Type 1 Diabetic Patient Used for Developing Artificial Pancreas

Cifha Crecil Dias, Surekha Kamath, Sudha Vidyasagar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Diabetes is one of the major rising diseases which are spread globally. For every 8 seconds one life is claimed or at every 30 seconds a limb is lost. Every developed country around the world is making a concern in fighting against it. Diabetes is a disease where a body will have excessive glucose concentration. Diabetes may be detected with few of the symptoms like thirst, blurring of vision, polyuria and weight loss. The normal range of blood glucose a body need to maintain is about 70-110mg\dl. To maintain and regulate blood glucose, determination of the level of glucose in blood is a necessary procedure which helps in development of a good controller. Designing a good controller needs an adequate knowledge of mathematical plant model. Well choosen plant model needs to incorporate the dynamics of the system which will correctly respond to the changes. The main parameters considered for developing such models are biological hormonal effect. In the background study, number of mathematical models on Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) has been reported, from which Bergman, Augmented Bergman and Sorenson model are considered for the simulation and development of conventional PID and advanced controller like Model Predictive Control (MPC). A detailed interaction, mass balance equation and the simulink results of the Bergman Minimal Model, the Augmented model and the Sorenson model with various cases is detailed in the next sections.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages653-658
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538693469
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26-04-2019
Event2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019 - Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Duration: 04-02-201906-02-2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019

Conference

Conference2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
CityDubai
Period04-02-1906-02-19

Fingerprint

Insulin
Glucose
Medical problems
Blood
Controllers
Model predictive control
Mathematical models

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

Dias, C. C., Kamath, S., & Vidyasagar, S. (2019). Modelling and Simulation Study of Glucose Insulin Control in Type 1 Diabetic Patient Used for Developing Artificial Pancreas. In Proceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019 (pp. 653-658). [8701401] (Proceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/AICAI.2019.8701401
Dias, Cifha Crecil ; Kamath, Surekha ; Vidyasagar, Sudha. / Modelling and Simulation Study of Glucose Insulin Control in Type 1 Diabetic Patient Used for Developing Artificial Pancreas. Proceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. pp. 653-658 (Proceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019).
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abstract = "Diabetes is one of the major rising diseases which are spread globally. For every 8 seconds one life is claimed or at every 30 seconds a limb is lost. Every developed country around the world is making a concern in fighting against it. Diabetes is a disease where a body will have excessive glucose concentration. Diabetes may be detected with few of the symptoms like thirst, blurring of vision, polyuria and weight loss. The normal range of blood glucose a body need to maintain is about 70-110mg\dl. To maintain and regulate blood glucose, determination of the level of glucose in blood is a necessary procedure which helps in development of a good controller. Designing a good controller needs an adequate knowledge of mathematical plant model. Well choosen plant model needs to incorporate the dynamics of the system which will correctly respond to the changes. The main parameters considered for developing such models are biological hormonal effect. In the background study, number of mathematical models on Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) has been reported, from which Bergman, Augmented Bergman and Sorenson model are considered for the simulation and development of conventional PID and advanced controller like Model Predictive Control (MPC). A detailed interaction, mass balance equation and the simulink results of the Bergman Minimal Model, the Augmented model and the Sorenson model with various cases is detailed in the next sections.",
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Dias, CC, Kamath, S & Vidyasagar, S 2019, Modelling and Simulation Study of Glucose Insulin Control in Type 1 Diabetic Patient Used for Developing Artificial Pancreas. in Proceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019., 8701401, Proceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 653-658, 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 04-02-19. https://doi.org/10.1109/AICAI.2019.8701401

Modelling and Simulation Study of Glucose Insulin Control in Type 1 Diabetic Patient Used for Developing Artificial Pancreas. / Dias, Cifha Crecil; Kamath, Surekha; Vidyasagar, Sudha.

Proceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. p. 653-658 8701401 (Proceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Dias CC, Kamath S, Vidyasagar S. Modelling and Simulation Study of Glucose Insulin Control in Type 1 Diabetic Patient Used for Developing Artificial Pancreas. In Proceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2019. p. 653-658. 8701401. (Proceedings - 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AICAI 2019). https://doi.org/10.1109/AICAI.2019.8701401